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Engineering Challenges Ahead for Robot Teamwork in Dynamic Environments
The increasing number of robots around us creates a demand for connecting these robots in order to achieve goal-driven teamwork in heterogeneous multi-robot systems. In this paper, we focus on robot teamwork specifically in dynamic environments. While the conceptual modeling of multi-agent teamwork was studied extensively during the last two decades and commercial multi-agent applications were built based on the theoretical foundations, the steadily increasing use of autonomous robots in many application domains gave the topic new significance and shifted the focus more toward engineering concerns for multi-robot systems. From a distributed systems perspective, we discuss general engineering challenges that apply to robot teamwork in dynamic application domains and review state-of-the-art solution approaches for these challenges. This leads us to open research questions that need to be tackled in future work.