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dc.date.accessioned2020-06-29T15:13:45Z
dc.date.available2020-06-29T15:13:45Z
dc.date.issued2020-05-29
dc.identifierdoi:10.17170/kobra-202006291373
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/123456789/11610
dc.description.sponsorshipGefördert durch den Publikationsfonds der Universität Kasselger
dc.language.isoengeng
dc.rightsNamensnennung 4.0 International*
dc.rights.urihttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/*
dc.subjectlife cycle assessment (LCA)eng
dc.subjectbiochareng
dc.subjectsocial risk assessmenteng
dc.subjectglobal warming potentialeng
dc.subjectsustainable resource managementeng
dc.subject.ddc630
dc.titleSustainability assessment of activated carbon from residual biomass used for micropollutant removal at a full-scale wastewater treatment planteng
dc.typeAufsatz
dcterms.abstractActivated carbon (AC), used for removal of organic micropollutants in European wastewater treatment plants (WWTPs), is usually produced from non-renewable resources that need to be transported over long distances. Utilising local residual biomass as a raw material may be advantageous in terms of sustainability. This study investigated the environmental and energy balances of using biowaste and biomass from landscape management for micropollutant removal at a commercial scale WWTP. Both residual biomasses were processed using the integrated generation of solid fuel and biogas from biomass (IFBB) technique to obtain a press cake that was used as feedstock for AC production. The results showed a lower global warming potential (GWP) and cumulative energy demand in comparison to a fossil-based conventional AC Differences in GWP between residual and fossil ACs were enhanced when the end-of-life incineration step was considered, and residual AC had a lower social risk associated with its production. Energy efficiency of AC production was substantially increased by utilising waste heat generated in the pyrolysis process of biochar production and by using electricity generated in a combined heat and power plant using biogas from the methanation of IFBB press fluids. Converting residual biomass into activated carbon using IFBB and a state-of-the-art pyrolysis and activation unit along with energy recovery would improve WWTP sustainability and self-sufficiency in terms of the raw materials required.eng
dcterms.accessRightsopen access
dcterms.creatorJoseph, Ben
dcterms.creatorKaetzl, Korbinian
dcterms.creatorHensgen, Frank
dcterms.creatorSchäfer, Bernhard
dcterms.creatorWachendorf, Michael
dc.relation.doidoi:10.1088/1748-9326/ab8330
dc.subject.swdAktivkohleger
dc.subject.swdKläranlageger
dc.subject.swdBiomasseger
dc.subject.swdUmweltbilanzger
dc.subject.swdPflanzenkohleger
dc.subject.swdRessourcenmanagementger
dc.subject.swdNachhaltigkeitger
dc.type.versionpublishedVersion
dcterms.source.identifierEISSN 1748-9326
dcterms.source.issueNumber 6
dcterms.source.journalEnvironmental Research Letterseng
dcterms.source.volumeVolume 15
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Namensnennung 4.0 International
Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as Namensnennung 4.0 International