Subject550 Earth sciences and geology EnergieversorgungEnergienachfrageUmweltbelastungHydrologieWassermangelLithium-Ionen-Akkumulator
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Extended life cycle assessment reveals the spatially-explicit water scarcity footprint of a lithium-ion battery storage
The life cycle water scarcity footprint is a tool to evaluate anthropogenic contributions to regional water scarcity along global supply chains. Here, we complement it by a classification of the risk from human water use, a comprehensive conceptualisation of water use and a spatially-explicit impact assessment to a midpoint approach that assesses the risk of on-site and remote freshwater scarcity. For a 2 MWh Lithium-ion battery storage, the quantitative Water Scarcity Footprint, comprising physically used water, accounts for 33,155 regionally weighted m3 with highest contributions from Chilean lithium mining. The qualitative Water Scarcity Footprint, the virtual volume required to dilute pollutant emissions to safe concentrations, is approximately determined to 52 million m3 of regionally weighted demineralised water with highest contributions from copper and aluminium mining operations. As mining operations seem to have the highest impact, we recommend to consider the spatially-explicit water scarcity footprint for assessment of global material supply.
CitationIn: Communications Earth & Environment Volume 2 (2021-01-12) EISSN 2662-4435
SponsorshipGefördert im Rahmen des Projekts DEAL
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