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Chemical and physical properties of superheavy elements
A knowledge of the physical and chemical properties of superheavy elements is expected to be of great value for the detection of these elements, owing to the need for chemical separation in their isolation and identification. The methods for predicting their electronic structures, expected trends in their chemical and physical properties and the results of such predictions for the individual superheavy elements are reviewed. The periodic table is extended up to element 172.
Auger spectroscopy of foil-excited beryllium ions
(Kleinpoppen, H. (Hrsg.), 1976)
We have measured prompt and delayed emission spectra of electrons from foilexcited Be, B^+, and Be^2+ ions at 300 keV. On the basis of recently calculated eigenvalues we identified two lines in the prompt Be^+ spectrum as transitions from 2s^22p and 2s2p^2. The delayed Be spectrum indicates that transitions from highly excited quintet states occur. We propose radiationless deexcitation with one excited spectator electron not involved in the transition.
X-ray transition energies for two-muonic atoms are calculated. The basis are relativistic self-consistent-field calculations including the corrections normally known in muonic atoms plus the vacuum polarization, magnetic interaction and retardation in the \mu-\mu-interaction, the specific mass correction and the configuration interaction.
(Dunitz, J. D., 1975)
Interpretation of the anisotropy of M MO radiation in slow I on Au collisions
A comparison between experimental and calculated spectral shape and energy dependence of the M MO x-ray anisotropy in heavy-ion collisions of I on Au is presented. The calculation is performed within the kinematic-dipole model of anisotropy using MO x-rays determined from SCF relativistic correlation diagrams.
X-Ray spectra of superheavy and quasi-superheavy elements
We discuss the possibility of identifying superheavy elements from the observation of their M-shell x-ray spectra, which might occur during the collision of a superheavy element with a heavy target. The same question is discussed for the possible observation of the x-rays from the quasimolecule (quasi-superheavy element) which is formed during such a heavy-ion collision. It is shown that it is very difficult, if not impossible, to determine any information about the interesting quantum electrodynamical effects from ...
Dirac-Fock-Slater calculations for the elements Z = 100, fermium, to Z = 173
Listed here for the elements Z = 100, fermium, to Z = 173 are energy eigenvalues and total energies found from relativistic Dirac-Fock-Slater calculations. The effect of high ionization on the energy eigenvalues is presented for two exarnples. The use of these tables in connection with the energy levels of superheavy elements and molecular orbital (MO) x-ray transitions in superheavy quasiatoms, is discussed. In addition, abrief comparison between the results of the Dirac-Fock-Slater and Dirac-Fock calculations ...
(Hanle, Wilhelm (Hrsg.), 1978)