Now showing items 1-10 of 66
High-Speed 1.55 µm Quantum Dot Lasers with Electronically Coupled Quantum Well - Dot Active Regions
The expansion of long-distance data communication at a wavelength of 1.55 µm calls for larger data transfer rates. Consequently, an improvement of emission and modulation properties of lasers emitting in this wavelength region is of high interest. The utilization of so-called tunnel-injection (TI) structures in InP-based quantum dot (QD) lasers is promising to fulfill this task. The aim of this thesis was the realization and analysis of TI structures in the lattice matched InP material system and incorporation into ...
InP - based quantum dots for telecom wavelengths ranges
Long-distance quantum communication applications require sources of single photons, emitting at telecom wavelengths (around 1550 nm) with minimum attenu-ation losses of silica fiber. Semiconductor self-assembled InAs/InP-based quantum dots (QDs) are possible candidates to reach this spectral region. One of the challenges on the way is a QD asymmetry, which limits the fidelity of entangled photons. Therefore, morphological and optical properties of QDs should be improved in order to achieve the necessary quality and ...
Investigation of diamond nanostructures with incorporated color centers
Diamond is a material with excellent properties due to its structure and composition. Its crystal lattice is a perfect host of different defect centers, so-called color centers, whose properties, especially the capability of emitting single photons, can serve in quantum information technologies (QIT). As a high refractive index material only a small part of the photons emitted by these color centers in diamond can be collected. To enhance the photon collection efficiency photonic structures are necessary. They can ...
Circular Dichroism in Fluorescence Emission Following the C 1s→π* Excitation and Resonant Auger Decay of Carbon Monoxide
Dichroism in angle-resolved spectra of circularly polarized fluorescence from freely-rotating CO molecules was studied experimentally and theoretically. For this purpose, carbon monoxide in the gas phase was exposed to circularly polarized soft X-ray synchrotron radiation. The photon energy was tuned across the C 1s→π* resonant excitation, which decayed via the participator Auger transition into the CO+ A 2Π state. The dichroic parameter β1 of the subsequent CO+ (A 2Π → X 2Σ+) visible fluorescence was measured by ...
Extreme Ultraviolet to Visible Dispersed Single Photon Detection for Highly Sensitive Sensing of Fundamental Processes in Diverse Samples
The detection of a single photon is the most sensitive method for sensing of photon emission. A common technique for single photon detection uses microchannel plate arrays combined with photocathodes and position sensitive anodes. Here, we report on the combination of such detectors with grating diffraction spectrometers, constituting a low-noise wavelength resolving photon spectroscopy apparatus with versatile applicability. We recapitulate the operation principle of such detectors and present the details of the ...
Rethinking the genus Hyphodontia s.l. (Hymenochaetales, Basidiomycota) – investigations on a worldwide scope including new taxonomy, phylogeny, and identification keys
The dissertation “Rethinking the genus Hyphodontia s.l. (Hymenochaetales, Basidiomycota) – investigations on a worldwide scope including new taxonomy, phylogeny, and identification keys” was elaborated by Janett Riebesehl in the Department of Ecology at the University of Kassel. Changing the classification system of the fungal genus Hyphodontia s.l. to treat the species from the broad Hyphodontia s.l. concept by a division into other genera was continued. Hjortstam and Ryvarden (2002, 2009) began the concept, but ...
1.55 μm Quantum Dot Lasers for Telecommunication
The thesis at hand investigates the suitability of quantum dot (QD) material for use in long-distance coherent communication. The thesis was written in the frame of the SASER project MONOLOP that is aiming for a compact, monolithically integrated light source with a tunable wavelength covering the C+-band and narrow spectral linewidth below 500 kHz. The thesis reviews the theoretical background of quantum dot material based on the InP material system and distributed feedback (DFB) lasers with lateral gratings as ...
Diversity of aphyllophoroid fungi from taxonomical and biogeographical perspectives
Comprehensive knowledge of biodiversity is a prerequisite for its long-term conservation and sustainable use. Fungi play crucial roles in ecosystems and are among the species-richest organism groups on Earth. However, all aspects of their diversity remain underexplored. In this study, we aimed to fill the gaps in occurrence data and taxonomy as well as in understanding spatial diversity patterns of aphyllophoroid fungi (non-gilled macroscopic Basidiomycota). We digitized and made openly accessible 4,041 records of ...
Virtual Reality in chemistry education and research
Description of a research project, which tries to realize a VR-game for learning chemistry on the macroscopic and on the microscopic level.
Coinage Metal Complexes of the Carbenic Tautomer of a Conjugated Mesomeric Betaine Akin to Nitron
This study was motivated by our recent observation that the analytical reagent Nitron (2) is an “instant carbene”, whose reaction with coinage metal salts MX afforded complexes of its carbenic tautomer 1,4-diphenyl-3-phenylamino-1,2,4-triazol-5-ylidene (2′). Our aim was to establish an alkyl homologue of 2 in order to achieve a carbenic tautomer of higher donicity. For this purpose 1-tert-butyl-4-methyl-1,2,4-triazol-4-ium-3-tert-butylaminide (6) was synthesized. Its reactions with MX afforded complexes of the carbenic ...