Now showing items 1-10 of 76
Theoretical study of the structural dependence of nuclear quadrupole frequencies in high-T_c superconductors
(American Physical Society, 1989)
The remarkable difference between the nuclear quadrupole frequencies v_Q of Cu(1) and Cu(2) in YBa_2Cu_3O_6 and YBa_2Cu_3O_7 is analyzed. We calculate the ionic contribution to the electric field gradients and estimate, by using experimental results for Cu_2O and La_2CuO_4, the contribution of the d valence electrons. Thus, we determine v_Q1, v_Q2, and the asymmetry parameter η for YBa_2Cu_3O_6 and YBa_2Cu_3O_7. The number of holes in dthe Cu-O planes and chains is found to be important for the different behavior of ...
Theory for the Photoacoustic Response to X-Ray Absorption
(American Physical Society, 1988)
A microscopic theory is presented for the photoacoustic effect induced in solids by x-ray absorption. The photoacoustic effect results from the thermalization of the excited Auger electrons and photoelectrons. We explain the dependence of the photoacoustic signal S on photon energy and the proportionality to the x-ray absorption coefficient in agreement with recent experiments on Cu. Results are presented for the dependence of S on photon energy, sample thickness, and the electronic structure of the absorbing solid.
Transport properties of one-dimensional, disordered two-band systems
(The Institute of Physics, London, 1986)
We have studied the transport properties of disordered one-dimensional two-band systems. The model includes a narrow d band hybridised with an s band. The Landauer formula was used in the case of a very narrow d band or in the case of short chains. The results were compared with the localisation length of the wavefunctions calculated by the transfer matrix method, which allows the use of very lang chains, and an excellent agreement was obtained.
Mathematical problem solving, modelling, applications, and links to other subjects
The paper will consist of three parts. In part I we shall present some background considerations which are necessary as a basis for what follows. We shall try to clarify some basic concepts and notions, and we shall collect the most important arguments (and related goals) in favour of problem solving, modelling and applications to other subjects in mathematics instruction. In the main part II we shall review the present state, recent trends, and prospective lines of development, both in empirical or theoretical ...
The problem of the graphic artist
(Blum, Werner (Hrsg.), 1989)
'The problem of the graphic artist' is a small example of applying elementary mathematics (divisibility of natural numbers) to a real problem which we ourselves have actually experienced. It deals with the possibilities for partitioning a sheet of paper into strips. In this contribution we report on a teaching unit in grade 6 as well as on informal tests with students in school and university. Finally we analyse this example methodologically, summarise our observations with pupils and students, and draw some ...
Elementare Behandlung exponentieller Prozesse
(Inst. für Film und Bild in Wissenschaft und Unterricht, 1980)
Die Unterrichtsschritte, die im Videoband nicht gezeigt werden konnten, werden in diesem Beiheft erläutert: Nach einer "Beschreibung des Themas" wird die "Ausarbeitung der drei Lernsequenzen" am Beispiel des Unterrichts in einer kaufmännischen Berufsschule, einer Berufsfachschule Gesundheitswesen und einer technischen Fachoberschule ausführlich dargestellt.