Now showing items 1-10 of 199
Existence and Regularity Results of a Ferroelectric Phase-Field Model
In this thesis, we investigate the existence and regularity results of a ferroelectric phase-field model, which is a state-of-the-art model arising in recent years from the engineering area for the ferroelectric study.
Visualizing the electronic structure of small molecules with rovibronic photon emission spectroscopy
A key in understanding the fundamental structure of atoms and molecules has been their absorption and emission of electromagnetic radiation across all spectral ranges. The observation of discrete line spectra contributed to the development of core concepts in quantum mechanics and thus the modern picture of physical processes occurring at small scales. The ongoing refinement of both experimental and theoretical methods in spectroscopy allows to deal with succeedingly more complex systems in different interactions to ...
High-Speed 1.55 µm Quantum Dot Lasers with Electronically Coupled Quantum Well - Dot Active Regions
The expansion of long-distance data communication at a wavelength of 1.55 µm calls for larger data transfer rates. Consequently, an improvement of emission and modulation properties of lasers emitting in this wavelength region is of high interest. The utilization of so-called tunnel-injection (TI) structures in InP-based quantum dot (QD) lasers is promising to fulfill this task. The aim of this thesis was the realization and analysis of TI structures in the lattice matched InP material system and incorporation into ...
Quantum optimal control theory of photoelectron spectroscopy
The object of this doctoral thesis is two-fold and can be classified into two, but intrinsically related categories: (i) development of theoretical models for the simulation of electron dynamics and in parallel to this, (ii) method development of efficient numerical algorithms for ad hoc control of photoelectron and photoion-related observables. The first category primarily focuses on the development of a variety of theoretical models describing the interaction of light and matter for the extraction and control of ...
Gold Surface Nanostructuring with Ultrashort Laser Pulses - Study of Non-equilibrium Effects
Laser material interaction and structure formation in metals under controlled ultrashort laser pulse conditions are discussed in this work. A novel approach is presented describing the exact amount of energy deposited by a laser pulse in a gold surface, applicable under a variety of structuring conditions. The presented model is validated by a new introduced broad-band pump-probe reflectivity measurement method. A technique also applicable to investigate other phenomenas where 20 fs resolution combined with an octave ...
Electron Dynamics Driven by Intense Coherent Femtosecond Laser Pulses: Dynamic Interference in Atoms and Photoelectron Circular Dichroism in Chiral Molecules
Since humans have begun to explore nature, they came up with new ways and tools, which have been permanently improved. At some point, those tools allowed to look into the microworld and to study the quantum nature of matter. One of such tools to explore the quantum world is the light amplification by stimulated emission of radiation (laser). Since the first lasers were built almost 60 years ago, their capabilities improved permanently, allowing the study of hitherto-unknown physical phenomena. Two of such ...
InP - based quantum dots for telecom wavelengths ranges
Long-distance quantum communication applications require sources of single photons, emitting at telecom wavelengths (around 1550 nm) with minimum attenu-ation losses of silica fiber. Semiconductor self-assembled InAs/InP-based quantum dots (QDs) are possible candidates to reach this spectral region. One of the challenges on the way is a QD asymmetry, which limits the fidelity of entangled photons. Therefore, morphological and optical properties of QDs should be improved in order to achieve the necessary quality and ...
Investigation of diamond nanostructures with incorporated color centers
Diamond is a material with excellent properties due to its structure and composition. Its crystal lattice is a perfect host of different defect centers, so-called color centers, whose properties, especially the capability of emitting single photons, can serve in quantum information technologies (QIT). As a high refractive index material only a small part of the photons emitted by these color centers in diamond can be collected. To enhance the photon collection efficiency photonic structures are necessary. They can ...
BamB facilitates folding of outer membrane protein A (OmpA) via interactions of its β-propeller with the membrane surface and via a conformation change induced by phosphatidylglycerol
A sufficient folding and insertion of OMPs into the OM of Gram-negative bacteria requires the conserved β-barrel assembly machinery (BAM) complex. The present thesis concerns the structural properties and folding behavior of the lipoprotein BamB and describes its relevance in the synchronized mechanism of membrane insertion and folding of the β-barrel protein OmpA. Furthermore, specific binding sites in BamB involved in the interaction to the lipid membrane or the periplasmic domain of BamA (PD-BamA) were identified ...