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The Dairy Value Chain
By tradition dairy farming has been a prestigious occupation in the fertile lands of the Indus basin. In Pakistan, the practice of rearing dairy animals remained a complementary activity to crop production. Deeply embedded in the rural life, dairy farming still is a sign of prestige within the agriculture sector; it forms an integral part of the socio-economic activities in rural areas and plays a supportive role in mitigating the effects of poverty by providing essential food items of daily use, family income, and ...
Credit Exclusion of the Poor
In India, about 55% of the workforce is dependent on agriculture and most of these cultivators, being small or marginal farmers, require financial help on a regular basis for their farming activities. Needless to say, such poor farmers suffer from irregular and volatile income. As these households do not possess adequate savings, accessibility to financial resources at reasonable terms and conditions is becoming a crucial parameter for their productive activities and hence, in turn, their well-being. Based on the ...
Sozial verantwortliche Beschaffung von Informationstechnik
(ICCD, International Center for Development and Decent Work, University of Kassel, 2013-01)
(ICDD, International Center for Development and Decent Work, University of Kassel, 2013-03)
Pastoralism and ranching are two different rangeland-based livestock systems in dryland areas of East Africa. Both usually operate under low and irregular rainfall and consequently low overall primary biomass production of high spatial and temporal heterogeneity. Both are usually located far from town centres, market outlets and communication, medical, educational, banking, insurance and other infrastructure. Whereas pastoralists can be regarded as self-employed, gaining their livelihood from managing their ...