Now showing items 1-10 of 34
The Dairy Value Chain
By tradition dairy farming has been a prestigious occupation in the fertile lands of the Indus basin. In Pakistan, the practice of rearing dairy animals remained a complementary activity to crop production. Deeply embedded in the rural life, dairy farming still is a sign of prestige within the agriculture sector; it forms an integral part of the socio-economic activities in rural areas and plays a supportive role in mitigating the effects of poverty by providing essential food items of daily use, family income, and ...
Labor Rights, Working Conditions, and Workers’ Power in the Emerging Textile and Apparel Industries in Ethiopia: The Case of Hawassa Industrial Park
To be able to participate in the global production network and enhance its manufacturing sector, the government of Ethiopia has been building industrial zones (Export Processing Zones) in various parts of the country. These zones have already attracted substantial investments into the country in the light manufacturing sectors, particularly, textile and apparel industries, as a result of which the country is gradually gaining the potential to become a global textile and apparel sourcing hub. Despite the governments’ ...
Credit Exclusion of the Poor
In India, about 55% of the workforce is dependent on agriculture and most of these cultivators, being small or marginal farmers, require financial help on a regular basis for their farming activities. Needless to say, such poor farmers suffer from irregular and volatile income. As these households do not possess adequate savings, accessibility to financial resources at reasonable terms and conditions is becoming a crucial parameter for their productive activities and hence, in turn, their well-being. Based on the ...
Beyond the Prototypical Male Migrant
The primary theoretical accounts of migration have been largely unaffected by the feminisation of migration. But this does not mean that they are gender neutral. Drawing on the concept of gender knowledge developed by German sociologists Irene Dölling and Sünne Andresen, on the feminist critique of knowledge, feminist economics and studies on gender and migration, the paper interrogates two influential models of migration from neoclassical economics for their gendered assumptions: the Roy-Borjas selection model of ...
Anti-austerity movements and authoritarian statism in Portugal
In the last decade, Portugal saw different forms of open class struggle. Since 2003, the ruling class has been attacking the tremendous achievements of the 500 days of the Portuguese Revolution of 1974-1975 (Raposo 2015: 6). Today, privatisation, wage cuts, de-industrialisation and other forms of neoliberal ‘reforms’ are being implemented. The working class, the poor and the youth did not silently stand by and watch the dismantling of the welfare state that they and their parents had gained by significant effort ...
Dress- and Auto- Makers in the “Free Trade” Arena
Even though there have been many studies on the impact of trade liberalisation on labour standards, most of the studies are at national level, and there is a lack of research at industry level. This paper examines the impact of free trade on labour standards in capital- and labour-intensive industries in a developing country. For empirical findings, I take the case of the garment industry, representing labour-intensive industry, and automotive industry, representing capital-intensive industry, in Indonesia in the ...
Brexit as a conjuncture
This academic paper presents the results of a small-scale research project with the title “Brexit as a conjuncture”. We combine the theoretical reflection on the conjunctural tendencies in the United Kingdom (UK) since the Thatcher era with the empirical media analysis at the moment of the rupture. Unlike academic papers that discuss either political and economic reasons of Brexit (see Clarke, Goodwin and Whiteley, 2016; Arnorsson and Zoega, 2016) or its conjunctural dynamics (see Jessop, 2016), our work combines the ...
The Containment of Labour Unrest in the Post Socialist China
Due to its transition from the socialist mode of production to the capitalist mode, workers in China have been exposed to the exploitative class relations that they hardly experienced before. The working class is now assuming a subordinate position in the relations of production while the capitalist class remains in the dominant position. As a consequence, workers’ protests are constantly emerging and class conflicts are exacerbating in the contemporary China. I have set out to study in this paper how the party-state ...
Sozial verantwortliche Beschaffung von Informationstechnik
(ICCD, International Center for Development and Decent Work, University of Kassel, 2013-01)