Now showing items 1-10 of 720
A systems approach to understanding post-harvest losses: Insights from a case study of the pineapple value chain in Uganda
Trotz zahlreicher Anstrengungen gehen weltweit große Mengen an Lebensmitteln nach der Ernte verloren. Insbesondere in Situationen mit begrenztem Zugang zu Ressourcen stellt die Identifizierung geeigneter Maßnahmen eine große Herausforderung dar. Entgegen der klassischen Herangehensweise, die oft technisch orientiert ist, verwendet diese Dissertation einen akteursorientierten und systemischen Ansatz. Dies ermöglicht, die Perspektiven der Akteure zu berücksichtigen und ein kontextabhängiges Verständnis für den Umgang ...
Using crop genetic diversity to improve resilience: Agronomic potential of evolutionary breeding under differing management systems
Mainly within organic and low-input cropping systems, evolutionary breeding based on the creation of heterogeneous evolving composite cross populations (CCPs) has been gaining attention. The aim of this dissertation is to assess the agronomic potential and yield stability of wheat CCPs in comparison to pure line varieties under differing management systems. Three winter wheat CCPs were created in the UK in 2001, based on parental varieties that were selected for either their high yield or baking quality. The baking ...
Using Optical Satellite Imagery to Monitor and Understand Agricultural Land-cover Change
The activities of humans have transformed the earth over the last decades. The transformation is estimated to increase further in response to the growing world population. This has caused many countries to devise means to utilize resources sustainably. Bio-economy is seen as a means to reduce the high reliance on fossil materials and ensure the provision of raw materials, energy and food to the increasing world population in a sustainable manner. However, the rising demands for biomass to produce bioenergy have relied ...
Growth performance and immunological response of African Catfish (Clarias gariepinus) juveniles reared in biofloc system
This study was conducted to examine the growth and immune performance of catfish (Clarias gariepinus) juveniles cultured in a biofloc fish farming system. To achieve this, 900 C. gariepinus juveniles (9.0 ± 0.23 g) were cultured in an intensive zero water exchange biofloc system for 72 days in 9 separate tanks (2 m3 each) aerated by an air blower, after which growth assessment of fish was conducted. The trial consisted of three treatments in triplicates, a control without carbon source addition, and two biofloc ...
Vol. 6 No. 1 (2018): Sustainable Agriculture For Healthy Ecosystem
(Specialized Partnerships in Sustainable Food Systems and Food Sovereignty, Faculty of Organic Agricultural Sciences, the University of Kassel, Germany and the Federation of German Scientists (VDW), 2018)
Early planting and relay cropping: pathways to cope with heat and drought?
Maize (Zea mays) is an important food and cash crop of uplands in Southeast Asia, where it is often prone to drought and heat stress associated with climate change. This study aimed at assessing the effect of heat and drought on maize performance, testing coping strategies under such weather extremes, and understanding associated mechanisms. The experiment was carried out during 2018 in Thailand, using a split-plot design with three replications. Treatments were: July-planted maize sole cropping (control), July-planted ...
Potassium iodide influence on iodine-leaf concentration and growth of amaranth (Amaranthus cruentus L.)
Low iodine content in soils is a common feature in lowland and in mountainous regions far from oceans. The diets of the people living in these regions are often deficient in dietary iodine, resulting in chronic iodine deficiency syndrome, goiter, hearing loss and other debilitating diseases. A field experiment was conducted at the Teaching and Research Farm, University of Ilorin, Nigeria during the 2017 and 2018 cropping seasons, to evaluate the response of amaranths to iodine enrichment using an agronomic approach. ...
Vol. 2 No. 2 (2015): Agroecology, Small Scale Farming and Regional Development
(Department of Organic Food Quality & Food Culture, Faculty of Organic Agricultural Sciences, the University of Kassel and the Federation of German Scientists (VDW), 2015)
Does backyard-keeping of native sows by smallholders in Quezon, Philippines, offer sustainability benefits compared to more intensive management of exotic sow breeds?
The present study in Quezon, Philippines, assessed the sustainability of small-scale production systems, based either on native or on exotic sow breeds, using different survey tools in a socio-economic approach. In two research periods, data sets with 49 households and 68 households, respectively, all smallholder farmers keeping ≤5 sows, were compiled. In 2016, four municipalities were purposively selected, each representing one of Quezon’s four districts. In 2017, two municipalities, both with larger populations of ...
Investigation of potential drying strategies for quality maintenance of carrot
Convective drying of carrots is a non-linear and unsteady-state process with simultaneous mechanism of heat and mass transfer leading to time varying quality changes along the process and finally causing irreversible quality modification. Inappropriate drying condition will generate many qualities related problems such as destruction of physical properties and discoloration of carrots causing by mechanical and thermal damage due to over-drying or extended drying periods. Inconsistent quality of the product was also ...