Now showing items 11-20 of 25
Fine-scale grassland monitoring using unmanned aerial vehicle borne remote sensing
RS is widely employed as a non-destructive methodology to monitor grasslands. Usage of UAV as the RS platform benefits to provide high spatial (fine-grain) and temporal resolution, unclouded data over small grassland extent. Therefore, this thesis evaluated the applications of UAV-borne RS for fine-scale grassland monitoring along with practical farm condition. Grass biomass estimation, predicting forage quality of grass and mapping invasive lupine in grasslands are considered as applications of UAVborne RS.
Investigation of drying behavior and color development of beef slices for development of non-invasive monitoring approaches
Meat drying has a long tradition worldwide and technically dried meat is increasingly valued as a low-fat snack or high-protein food product. Convection drying is widely used in industrial food preservation and has to provide high process efficiency and high product qualities, which can be contradictory. Therefore, it is important to understand the changes that occur in the product in order to develop drying strategies that consider process and product efficiency each at an acceptable level. The objective of this ...
Process optimisation and development of non-invasive monitoring approaches for the drying of apples
Drying is of great importance particularly in the field of preserving agricultural products. It plays a very critical role by delivering nutrient rich products with a long shelf-life as well as help to combat food loss. Drying processing techniques have changed and improved significantly over time, helping to ensure food abundance in both aesthetical and nutritional regards. Convective hot air drying is one of the most common technique practiced by 85 % of industries. It can be easily applied in the remote areas of ...
Design of a decentralised camel milk processing plant with integration of renewable energy supply
Der Milchsektor trägt zu ca. 4% zum Bruttoinlandsprodukt (BIP) in Kenia bei und ist der größte Teil des Agrarsektors. Kenias Kamelmilch spielt eine wichtige Rolle bei der Deckung des Ernährungs- und Wirtschaftsbedarfs in den ariden und semiariden Ländern (ASALs). Trotz dieser Bedeutung gibt es nur wenige Informationen über die Konservierungstechnologien und langlebige Milchprodukte wie Kamelmilchpulver. Außerdem zeichnen sich ASALs durch eine hohe Sonneneinstrahlung aus, die für die Konservierung von Kamelmilch genutzt ...
Challenges to ecosystem services of sustainable agriculture in West Africa
Food security is still sub-optimal in many parts of West Africa calling for more efficient agricultural practices in mitigating food insecurity. Some of the problems faced in West African agricultural systems are bottlenecks in ruminant livestock supply, inefficiency in commercial poultry production, and loss of arthropod diversity. These issues require proper integration of farming systems, demand the closing of nutrient cycles, need diversi cation of production, and require enhancement of ecosystem services. To ...
Entwicklung einer Robotik-Lösung zur Schneckenbekämpfung in der Landwirtschaft
Schnecken sind bedeutende Schädlinge in der Landwirtschaft. Die Ausbringung von Schneckenkorn zur Schneckenbekämpfung als Verfahren nach dem Stand der Technik hat jedoch erhebliche Nachteile. Der Erfolg ist abhängig von der vorherrschenden Witterung und damit unsicher, zudem schadet es auch Nützlingen. Eine Robotik-Lösung zu Schneckenbekämpfung arbeitet wetterunabhängig und ist in der Lage, zwischen Schädlingen und Nützlingen zu unterscheiden. Durch einen Feldversuch konnte gezeigt werden, dass Überfahrten eines ...
Development of Energy use Profiles, Reduction Concepts, and Implementation of Renewable Energies in the Central Ugandan Pineapple Processing Chains
Pineapples, like all fruits, are highly perishable and require either immediate consumption or preservation. To make them more stable and add value, four major processing methods are being employed in Uganda, i.e. drying, munaanansi (local drink), wine, and juice making. Energy is one of the main inputs required to achieve any of the processing methods. The aim of this research was to develop energy use profiles, gain insights into energy use reduction options, and to evaluate the applicability of renewable energies ...
The potential of UAV-based remote sensing for the prediction of aboveground biomass and N fixation in legume-grass mixtures
The world population is growing steadily and with it the demand for meat and animal protein. A major source of feed for livestock is grassland, which serves as high quality and protein rich forage. In addition to permanent grassland, temporary grassland is a valuable crop rotation element, especially in organic farming, since legumes in legume-grass mixtures can fix atmospheric nitrogen (NFix). To further increase the intensification in agriculture, reliable non-destructive measurement techniques are needed as an ...
Numerical Modeling and Characterization of Drying Process of Agricultural Products
The main goal of this work was to experimentally characterize the hot air-drying process of agricultural products (Potato, Carrot, Tomato) and verify it with numerical solutions at single layer and industrial scale dryer using Comsol Multiphysics® 5.3. Input parameters at single layer dryer effects on quality attributes were examined. Two strategies of drying were applied on batch dryer to examine the input effects on quality attributes. Constant input parameters strategy was designed by using central composite ...
Development of a decentralized solar assisted milk pasteurizer and improved chiller for rural communities
Renewable energy is the only way to cope with changing climate for under-developed countries like Pakistan, particularly solar energy must be opted out due to plentiful sunshine hours. Being a natural liquid food, milk is a complete nutritional diet containing all of the essential minerals such as protein, fat and vitamins. However, improper post milking handling and storage resulting in wastage due to microorganisms and bacterial multiplication. The present study enables the application of decentralized solar-based ...