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Numerical Simulation of Ground Water Flow in Dual Porous Media of the Karun 4 Dam (Iran) Foundation and Abutments
Beim Bau von Staudämmen und Reservoirs in Karst, die für ihre hohe Pererverenz aufgrund von Auflösungsfehlern und Leitungen bekannt sind, besteht das vorherrschende Risiko im Wasserverlust. Der Wasserverlust durch das Fundament und die Widerlager der in den Karstgebieten errichteten Dämme führt zu erheblichen Kosten und zur Nichtproduktivität der Staudämme. Obwohl die Konstruktion eines Dichtungsschleiers die gebräuchlichste Methode zur Verringerung oder Verhinderung von Wasserverlust ist, kann sie das Problem nur ...
Rainfall Prediction with AMSR–E Soil Moisture Products Using SM2RAIN and Nonlinear Autoregressive Networks with Exogenous Input (NARX) for Poorly Gauged Basins: Application to the Karkheh River Basin, Iran
Accurate estimates of daily rainfall are essential for understanding and modeling the physical processes involved in the interaction between the land surface and the atmosphere. In this study, daily satellite soil moisture observations from the Advanced Microwave Scanning Radiometer–Earth Observing System (AMSR–E) generated by implementing the standard National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) algorithm are employed for estimating rainfall, firstly, through the use of recently developed approach, SM2RAIN ...
Evaluation of Statistical-Downscaling/Bias-Correction Methods to Predict Hydrologic Responses to Climate Change in the Zarrine River Basin, Iran
Modeling the hydrologic responses to future changes of climate is important for improving adaptive water management. In the present application to the Zarrine River Basin (ZRB), with the major reach being the main inflow source of Lake Urmia (LU), firstly future daily temperatures and precipitation are predicted using two statistical downscaling methods: the classical statistical downscaling model (SDSM), augmented by a trend-preserving bias correction, and a two-step updated quantile mapping (QM) method. The general ...
Energy Budget- and Temperature Index- based Calculations of Seasonal Mass Balances and Discharge in the Tropical Glacier Artesonraju and Artesoncocha Basin in the Cordillera Blanca, Peru
The core of the present Doctoral study deals with glacier simulations for calculating mass balance and discharge in the Artesonraju glacier and Artesoncocha basin, in the Cordillera Blanca (CB), Peru. For this purpose, two different models are used. One is an energy-model (EBM) which is physically based and uses energy fluxes measurements on the glaciers, whereas the other one is a temperature index model (TIM) which is empirical and uses mainly temperature and precipitation as its main input data. An analysis of ...
3D Simultaneous Inversion for Seismic Structure and Local Hypocenters in Germany under Consideration of Seismic Anisotropy in the Upper Mantel
The main task of this work has been to investigate the effects of anisotropy onto the propagation of seismic waves along the Upper Mantle below Germany and adjacent areas. Refraction- and reflexion seismic experiments proved the existence of Upper Mantle anisotropy and its influence onto the propagation of Pn-waves. By the 3D tomographic investigations that have been done here for the crust and the upper mantle, considering the influence of anisotropy, a gap for the investigations in Europe has been closed. These ...