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Amount, composition and turnover of organic matter in topsoils and subsoils under mature beech forest
Two-third of the terrestrial carbon (C) is stored in soils, and up to 63 % of the soil organic C (SOC) is stored in subsoils (i.e. below 30 cm soil depth). Forest soils account for nearly 70 % of the global SOC, demonstrating their great importance regarding the global carbon cycle. The higher average age of the OC stored in subsoil indicates that the subsoil OC is more stable against microbial decomposition. The capability of soil to stabilize OC is affected by substrate characteristics (e.g. size, distribution, ...
Effects of the application of biochar and organic fertilizers as well as temperature on soil carbon and aggregate dynamics
Soil aggregate formation is an important process for long-term carbon storage in soils. While it has been shown that plant residues exert a positive influence on aggregate formation, the effects of organic fertilizers such as cattle slurry or manure as well as the effects of biochar application to soil are less clear. Furthermore, little is known about the role of increased soil temperatures in aggregate dynamics. The main objectives of this thesis were to analyse the effects of (i) cattle slurry and manure, (ii) ...