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Amount, composition and turnover of organic matter in topsoils and subsoils under mature beech forest
Two-third of the terrestrial carbon (C) is stored in soils, and up to 63 % of the soil organic C (SOC) is stored in subsoils (i.e. below 30 cm soil depth). Forest soils account for nearly 70 % of the global SOC, demonstrating their great importance regarding the global carbon cycle. The higher average age of the OC stored in subsoil indicates that the subsoil OC is more stable against microbial decomposition. The capability of soil to stabilize OC is affected by substrate characteristics (e.g. size, distribution, ...
Effects of the application of biochar and organic fertilizers as well as temperature on soil carbon and aggregate dynamics
Soil aggregate formation is an important process for long-term carbon storage in soils. While it has been shown that plant residues exert a positive influence on aggregate formation, the effects of organic fertilizers such as cattle slurry or manure as well as the effects of biochar application to soil are less clear. Furthermore, little is known about the role of increased soil temperatures in aggregate dynamics. The main objectives of this thesis were to analyse the effects of (i) cattle slurry and manure, (ii) ...
Effects of tillage on processes of organic matter sequestration
To increase the organic matter (OM) content in the soil is one main goal in arable soil management. The adoption of tillage systems with reduced tillage depth and/or frequency (reduced tillage) or of no-tillage was found to increase the concentration of soil OM compared to conventional tillage (CT; ploughing to 20-30 cm). However, the underlying processes are not yet clear and are discussed contradictorily. So far, few investigations were conducted on tillage systems with a shallow tillage depth (minimum tillage = ...