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dc.date.accessioned2012-01-17T11:02:16Z
dc.date.available2012-01-17T11:02:16Z
dc.date.issued2011
dc.identifier.issn1612-9830
dc.identifier.uriurn:nbn:de:hebis:34-2011101139358
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/123456789/2011101139358
dc.language.isoeng
dc.publisherKassel University Pressger
dc.subjectAgroforestryeng
dc.subjectImperata brasiliensiseng
dc.subjectslash-and-burn farmingeng
dc.subjectsmall farmerseng
dc.subjectweed controleng
dc.subject.ddc630
dc.titleMethods for short-term control of Imperata grass in Peruvian Amazoneng
dc.typeAufsatz
dcterms.abstractThe traditional control of Imperata brasiliensis grasslands used by farmers in the Peruvian Amazon is to burn the grass. The objective of this study was to compare different methods of short-term control. Biological, mechanical, chemical and traditional methods of control were compared. Herbicide spraying and manual weeding have shown to be very effective in reducing above- and below-ground biomass growth in the first 45 days after slashing the grass, with effects persisting in the longer term, but both are expensive methods. Shading seems to be less effective in the short-term, whereas it influences the Imperata growth in the longer term. After one year shading, glyphosate application and weeding significantly reduced aboveground biomass by 94, 67 and 53%; and belowground biomass by 76, 65 and 58%, respectively, compared to control. We also found a significant decrease of Imperata rhizomes in soil during time under shading. Burning has proved to have no significant effect on Imperata growth. The use of shade trees in a kind of agroforestry system could be a suitable method for small farmers to control Imperata grasslands.eng
dcterms.accessRightsopen access
dcterms.bibliographicCitationIn: Journal of Agriculture and Rural Development in the Tropics and Subtropics. Kassel : Kassel University Press. - Vol. 112, No. 1 (2011), S. 37-43
dcterms.creatorLojka, Bohdan
dcterms.creatorCepkova, Petra Hlasna
dcterms.creatorNavratilova, Lenka
dcterms.creatorVan Damme, Patrick
dcterms.creatorBanout, Jan
dcterms.creatorPolesny, Zbynek
dcterms.creatorPreininger, Daniel
dc.description.everythingGedruckte Ausg. im Verlag Kassel Univ. Press (www.upress.uni-kassel.de) erschienen.ger


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