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How political philosophies can help to discuss and differentiate theories in community ecology
This paper uses structural analogies to competing political philosophies of human society as a heuristic tool to differentiate between ecological theories and to bring out new aspects of apparently well-known classics of ecological scholarship. These two different areas of knowledge have in common that their objects are ‘societies’, i.e. units composed of individuals, and that contradictory and competing theories about these supra-individual units exist. The benefit of discussing ecological theories in terms of their ...
Neither vitalist nor mechanist, neither dualist nor idealist: Plessner's third way
The English translation of Helmuth Plessner’s (1892–1985) volume Levels of the Organic Life and the Human. An Introduction to Philosophical Anthropology (1928; henceforth: LO) finally fills in a long-lamented gap. An English translation already existed of other important essays by Plessner, such as Laughing and Crying: A Study of the Limits of Human Behaviour (1941; Eng. 1970); The Limits of Community. A Critique of Social Radicalism (1924; Eng. 1999); and more recently (in 2018) of Political Anthropology (originally ...
Two sorts of natural history: On a central concept in critical theory and ethical naturalism
The concept of natural history has received a great deal of attention in contemporary practical philosophy, especially as a result of Michael Thompson's concept of natural-historical judgments which aims to explain the normativity of the human life-form. With this concept, the norms effective in a life-form are understood as something natural and constitutive for that life-form. Although Thompson does not present a historical-philosophical model, he claims to be able to determine the normativity of the historically ...
Stuck in between. Phenomenology’s Explanatory Dilemma and its Role in Experimental Practice
Questions about phenomenology’s role in non-philosophical disciplines gained renewed attention. While we claim that phenomenology makes indispensable, unique contributions to different domains of scientific practice such as concept formation, experimental design, and data collection, we also contend that when it comes to explanation, phenomenological approaches face a dilemma. Either phenomenological attempts to explain conscious phenomena do not satisfy a central constraint on explanations, i.e. the asymmetry between ...
Wahrheit in Wittgensteins Spätphilosophie
Truth in Wittgenstein′s Later Philosophy. In this paper I attempt to examine Wittgenstein′s understanding of truth in his later period. In doing so, I orient myself primarily on the remarks published as Philosophical Investigations and On Certainty. My primary aim in the destructive part is to show that his later philosophy neither espouses a redundancy and deflationary, nor an epistemic and anti-realist conception of truth. Both strands of interpretation are strongly represented in the debate. An examination of ...