Now showing items 1-10 of 77
Indicators of Affect Dynamics: Structure, Reliability, and Personality Correlates
Researchers are increasingly interested in the affect dynamics of individuals for describing and explaining personality and psychopathology. Recently, the incremental validity of more complex indicators of affect dynamics (IADs; e.g. autoregression) has been called into question (Dejonckheere et al., 2019), with evidence accumulating that these might convey little unique information beyond mean level and general variability of emotions. Our study extends the evidence for the construct validity of IADs by investigating ...
Psychosocial Interventions for Newly Arrived Adolescent Refugees: A Systematic Review
Adolescent refugees are confronted with multiple developmental, psychological, and social challenges after flight. Psychosocial interventions are therefore necessary to support adolescents during the first period after arrival in a receiving country and to avoid negative long-term consequences. Unfortunately, little is known about the types and the effects of such interventions provided during this time. This systematic review aimed to synthesize research about psychosocial interventions for refugee youth during the ...
The Dark Triad and Deception Perceptions
The present cross-sectional study (N = 205) tested the hypothesis that the Dark Triad traits – narcissism, Machiavellianism, and psychopathy – and the PID-5 maladaptive personality traits – Negative Affectivity, Detachment, Antagonism, Disinhibition, and Psychoticism – are associated with specific deception-related perceptions: perceived cue-based deception detectability, perceived deception production ability, and perceived deception detection ability. Participants completed personality and deception measures in an ...
Aligning Leader Behaviors With Innovation Requirements Improves Performance: An Experimental Study
In this experiment, the effect of the alignment of leader behaviors with innovation requirements was investigated. A sample of N = 245 students participated in a laboratory experiment. Participants had to address either creativity or implementation requirements within a task and received a leadership manipulation in a video message. Results showed that the alignment of leader behaviors with innovation requirements led to improved performance. These findings contribute to the literature by addressing the specific ...
Learning with a double-edged sword? beneficial and detrimental effects of learning tests—taking a first look at linkages among tests, later learning outcomes, stress perceptions, and intelligence
It has often been shown that tests as intentionally hindered and difficult learning tasks increase long-term learning compared to easier tasks. Previous work additionally indicated that higher intelligence might serve as a prerequisite for such beneficial effects of tests. Nevertheless, despite their long-term learning effects, tests were also found to be evaluated as more negative and to lead to more stress and anxiety compared to easier control tasks. Stress and anxiety, in turn, often yield detrimental effects on ...
Validation of cognitive load during inquiry-based learning with multimedia scaffolds using subjective measurement and eye movements
Subject-method barriers and cognitive load (CL) of students have a particular importance in the complex learning process of scientific inquiry. In this work, we investigate the valid measurement of CL as well as different scaffolds to reduce it during experimentation. Specifically, we examine the validity of a subjective measurement instrument to assess CL [in extraneous cognitive load (ECL), intrinsic cognitive load, and germane cognitive load (GCL)] during the use of multimedia scaffolds in the planning phase of ...
Flexible Adaptation of Leader Behavior
Based on the model of ambidextrous leadership, we investigated the impact of flexible adaptation of leader behavior, that is, opening and closing leader behaviors, on innovative performance in a laboratory experiment. Leader behaviors were manipulated with confederates attending to one participant showing either no leadership, a sequential, or a flexible application of opening and closing leader behaviors. We hypothesized that flexible adaptation leads to better innovation performance. N = 93 participants took part ...
Wer kann, der coacht: Ein Instrument zur Messung interpersoneller Coach-Fähigkeiten
Es wird ein aus der Psychotherapieforschung stammendes, an Coaching adaptiertes Ratingmanual zur Messung interpersoneller Fähigkeiten vorgestellt. Es wurden Ratings für 18 Audioaufnahmen von dyadischen Coachingsitzungen von neun Coaches-in-Weiterbildung erstellt, die zu Beginn der Weiterbildung und ein Jahr später durchgeführt wurden. Das interpersonelle Verhalten und die Entwicklung der Kompetenzen von zwei Coaches-in-Weiterbildung werden exemplarisch dargestellt. Die Autorinnen ziehen das Fazit, dass sich das ...
Mit Sicherheit zu etwas Neuem: Zur Bedeutung psychologischer Sicherheit in der Post-Merger-Integration (PMI)
Zahlreiche Unternehmensfusionen in Deutschland scheitern oder bleiben weit hinter den Erwartungen zurück. Besondere Bedeutung für das Gelingen von Fusionen hat die Gestaltung der Post-Merger-Integration, also die Phase des Zusammenführens der beiden vormals selbstständigen Unternehmen. Das von Amy C. Edmondson entwickelte Konzept der psychologischen Sicherheit könnte hierfür eine wichtige Funktion zur Orientierung und Handlungsleitung erhalten. Die erste Auswertung von Ergebnissen einer qualitativen Befragung von ...