Now showing items 11-20 of 839
CuCrZr processed by laser powder bed fusion — Processability and influence of heat treatment on electrical conductivity, microstructure and mechanical properties
CuCrZr parts were fabricated by laser beam powder bed fusion (LB-PBF) technique and subjected to different heat treatments. As a result, four different conditions were considered for further investigations, that is, the as-built condition, conditions of maximum hardness (MH) and maximum electrical conductivity (MC), and a condition representing a compromise between hardness and conductivity (H&C). Microstructural evolution and performance under monotonic and cyclic loading were studied. Fracture surfaces revealed ...
Comeback als demokratische Führungsmacht?
Joe Biden stellt die US-Außenpolitik unter ein demokratisches Paradigma, will demokratische Allianzen festigen und hat einen „Gipfel für die Demokratie“ versprochen. Ziel ist es, das Gewicht freiheitlicher Staaten im Systemkonflikt mit Autokratien zu erhöhen. Bündnispartner in Europa und Asien reagieren skeptisch, fürchten eine Verhärtung der Konflikte mit China und Russland und den Verlust der Handlungsfreiheit. Wir plädieren für eine Allianz der Demokratien, mit Blick auf die Resilienz ihrer politischen Systeme und ...
On the Microstructural and Cyclic Mechanical Properties of Pure Iron Processed by Electron Beam Melting
Additive manufacturing (AM) processes such as electron beam melting (EBM) are characterized by unprecedented design freedom. Topology optimization and design of the microstructure of metallic materials are enabled by rapid progress in this field. The latter is of highest importance as many applications demand appropriate mechanical as well as functional material properties. For instance, biodegradable implants have to meet mechanical properties of human bone and at the same time guarantee adequate cytocompatibility ...
Betriebliche Mobilitätsmanagementmaßnahmen – ein Anstoß für Veränderungen in Mobilitätsverhalten und -einstellungen Mitarbeitender?
Betriebliches Mobilitätsmanagement (BMM) fokussiert auf die Verkehrsgestaltung hinsichtlich Pendel- und Berufsverkehr, Dienstreisen und Kundenverkehr. Ziel ist es, beispielsweise Parkplatzauslastungen zu verringern oder Verhaltensänderungen bei den Mitarbeitenden hinsichtlich der Verkehrsmittelwahl hervorzurufen. Bisher ist BMM in Deutschland wenig implementiert und in geringem Umfang erforscht. Vor diesem Hintergrund stellt dieser Artikel das Instrument BMM theoretisch dar und präsentiert ein zugehöriges ...
Sustainable Development Goal Drivers in Food Systems
Interacting driving forces in food systems, resulting in cumulative driver effects and synergies, induce non-linear processes in multiple directions. This paper critically reviews the discourse on driving forces in food systems and argues that mindset is the primary predictor for food system outcomes. In the epoch of sustainable development goals (SDGs) and the Anthropocene, mindset matters more than ever. Transformative narratives are beginning to transcend the dominant social paradigm, which is still driving the ...
Influence of pre-drying storage time on essential oil components in dried hops (Humulus lupulus L.)
BACKGROUND It is well known that duration of pre-drying storage impacts on hop quality. However, little knowledge exists regarding its actual effects on valuable hop components. To investigate these effects, fresh hop cones were stored for 5 or 24 h and dried for 210 min at 65 °C thereafter. Furthermore, to understand the effect of freezing hop cones on the essential oil content, both fresh and stored samples were frozen before and after drying. RESULTS The results from gas chromatography analysis show an increase ...
On the Impact of Texture and Grain Size on the Pseudoelastic Properties of Polycrystalline Fe–Ni–Co–Al–Ti Alloy
The effects of thermomechanical treatments on crystallographic texture and grain size evolution and their impact on the pseudoelastic properties in Fe41–Ni28–Co17–Al11.5–Ti2.5 (at.%) were studied in the present paper. The results show that cold rolling leads to brass-type texture in this alloy, which is typical for low stacking fault energy materials. Thermal treatments up to 1300 °C were conducted and it is shown that the presence of β-phase helps to control grain growth. After the dissolution of the secondary phase ...
Investment Decisions with Endogeneity: A Dirichlet Tree Analysis
Ignoring endogeneity when assessing investors’ decisions carries the risk of biased estimates for the influence of exogeneous marketing variables. This study shows how to overcome this challenge by using Pólya trees in the quantification of impacts on investors’ decisions. A total of 2255 investors recruited for this study received and opened a digital marketing newsletter about investing daily. Given the nature of investors’ decisions characterized by heterogeneity and endogeneity, the response model is assessed ...
A Critical Review and Assessment of Different Thermoviscoplastic Material Models for Simultaneous Hot/Cold Forging Analysis
The simultaneous hot/cold forging is an innovative production process, taking advantage of the high accuracy for cold forming and low forces for hot forming. However, the choice of a suitable material model for such a large temperature range is a difficult issue and insufficiently regarded. Hence, the aim of this contribution is a critical review and assessment of the prediction capability and accuracy of three already existing thermo-viscoplasticity models. Therefore, the simulation results of the Bammann, Chiesa ...
Agricultural Development and Land Use Change in India: A Scenario Analysis of Trade‐Offs Between UN Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs)
India has the second largest population in the world and is characterized by a broad diversity in climate, topography, flora, fauna, land use, and socioeconomic conditions. To help ensure food security in the future, agricultural systems will have to respond to global change drivers such as population growth, changing dietary habits, and climate change. However, alterations of how food is produced in the future may conflict with other UN Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), such as the protection of land resources ...