Now showing items 21-30 of 831
Long‐term vegetation changes in Nardus grasslands indicate eutrophication, recovery from acidification, and management change as the main drivers
Questions Which trends and patterns of community change occurred in Nardus grasslands over recent decades in parts of the Continental biogeographic region of Germany? Are patterns and trends consistent across two study regions? Do impacts of environmental changes on Nardus grasslands in Central Europe correspond to those identified in the European Atlantic biogeographic region? Location East Hesse Highlands, Germany. Methods In 2012–2015, we re‐surveyed quasi‐permanent plots that had been initially surveyed ...
SimBench—A Benchmark Dataset of Electric Power Systems to Compare Innovative Solutions Based on Power Flow Analysis
Publicly accessible, elaborated grid datasets, i.e., benchmark grids, are well suited to publish and compare methods or study results. Similarly, developing innovative tools and algorithms in the fields of grid planning and grid operation is based on grid datasets. Therefore, a general methodology to generate benchmark datasets and its voltage level dependent implementation is described in this paper. As a result, SimBench, a comprehensive dataset for the low, medium, high and extra-high voltage level, is presented. ...
On the Automation of Flood Event Separation From Continuous Time Series
Can machine learning effectively lower the effort necessary to extract important information from raw data for hydrological research questions? On the example of a typical water-management task, the extraction of direct runoff flood events from continuous hydrographs, we demonstrate how machine learning can be used to automate the application of expert knowledge to big data sets and extract the relevant information. In particular, we tested seven different algorithms to detect event beginning and end solely from a ...
Influence of hot deformation on the precipitation hardening of high-strength aluminum AA7075 during thermo-mechanical processing
The aim of this work was to investigate the effect of hot deformation on the aging behavior of precipitation-hardenable aluminum alloy AA7075 within a novel thermo-mechanical forming process, in order to gain insight into its precipitation kinetics. For this purpose, the material was formed at 420 °C after undergoing solution treatment to different strain levels ranging from 2% to 10% to obtain different dislocation densities. After undergoing hot deformation, aging at 120 °C with different parameters was carried out ...
Experimentelle Untersuchung zur Mehrphasenströmung in öleingespritzten Mehrphasenschraubenspindelpumpen
Für die Förderung von Gemischen mit hohen Gasanteilen erfolgt die Entwicklung eines neuen Kühlkonzepts, indem das Prozessfluid in flüssiger Phase extern in die Förderkammer einer Mehrphasenpumpe eingespritzt wird. Neben der Regulierung des Thermomanagements trägt dies zur Spaltabdichtung bei, so dass der effektiv geförderte Volumenstrom steigt. Zur Untersuchung der Thermo‐ und Fluiddynamik einer solchen Mehrphasenpumpe wird ein transparentes Förderkammermodell der Pumpe mit externer Fluideinspritzung entwickelt. Das ...
Integrated reporting of environmental, social, and governance and financial data: Does the market value integrated reports?
The concept of reporting nonfinancial information within the annual report, so‐called Integrated Reporting (IR) is a rising topic in reporting practice. Supporters claim that IR provides a better view regarding the value creation of a firm. This study investigates the value relevance of IR and the influence of certain characteristics such as assurance. Thus, this paper contributes to the existing literature by examining the actual advantages for firms when adopting an IR approach. The Ohlson model is applied ...
Sustainability assessment of activated carbon from residual biomass used for micropollutant removal at a full-scale wastewater treatment plant
Activated carbon (AC), used for removal of organic micropollutants in European wastewater treatment plants (WWTPs), is usually produced from non-renewable resources that need to be transported over long distances. Utilising local residual biomass as a raw material may be advantageous in terms of sustainability. This study investigated the environmental and energy balances of using biowaste and biomass from landscape management for micropollutant removal at a commercial scale WWTP. Both residual biomasses were processed ...
Mode properties of telecom wavelength InP-based high-(Q/V) L4/3 photonic crystal cavities
We present finite-difference time domain simulations and optical characterizations via micro-photoluminescence measurements of InP-based L4/3 photonic crystal cavities with embedded quantum dots (QDs) and designed for the M1 ground mode to be emitting at telecom C-band wavelengths. The simulated M1 Q-factor values exceed 106, while the M1 mode volume is found to be 0.33 × (λ/n)3, which is less than half the value of the M1 mode volume of a comparable L3 cavity. Low-temperature micro-photoluminescence measurements ...
Drought stress triggers differential survival and functional trait responses in the establishment of Arnica montana seedlings
- The establishment and survival of seedlings are critical stages in the life cycle of plants and therefore usually well timed to humid and favourable conditions. Climate projections suggest that the threatened mountain grassland species Arnica montana may be increasingly exposed to drought stress. However, studies that focus on the species’ early development are missing. We evaluated impacts of drought-induced stress on A. montana seedlings in their early establishment phase and identified traits that could cause ...
Indicators of Affect Dynamics: Structure, Reliability, and Personality Correlates
Researchers are increasingly interested in the affect dynamics of individuals for describing and explaining personality and psychopathology. Recently, the incremental validity of more complex indicators of affect dynamics (IADs; e.g. autoregression) has been called into question (Dejonckheere et al., 2019), with evidence accumulating that these might convey little unique information beyond mean level and general variability of emotions. Our study extends the evidence for the construct validity of IADs by investigating ...