Now showing items 61-70 of 838
Impact of Process Parameters and Bulk Properties on Quality of Dried Hops
Hops are critical to the brewing industry. In commercial hop drying, a large bulk of hops is dried in multistage kilns for several hours. This affects the drying behavior and alters the amount and chemical composition of the hop oils. To understand these changes, hops of the var. Hallertauer Tradition were dried in bulks of 15, 25 and 35 kg/m² at 60 °C and 0.35 m/s. Additionally, bulks of 25 kg/m² were also dried at 65 °C and 0.45 m/s to assess the effect of change in temperature and velocity, respectively. The results ...
Effects and Prerequisites of Self-Generation in Inquiry-Based Learning
The goal of this study is to investigate the effect of self-generation in inquiry-based learning and to identify the role of feedback. While open-ended inquiry-based learning with a high degree of self-generation requirements has long been considered optimal for facilitating effective learning, its long-run effects have been critically challenged. This study employed a 3 (learning condition) × 2 (retention interval) mixed factorial design (N = 98). An inquiry activity involving the self-generation of content knowledge ...
Freundschaften, Symmetrien und Markierungen von Differenz
Der folgende Beitrag nimmt ausgehend von einem Forschungsvorhaben, welches Kinder als ‚Stakeholder‘ in Kindertageseinrichtungen adressiert, in den Blick, wie Kinder im Kontext institutioneller Arrangements Peer- und Freundschaftsbeziehungen zum Thema machen. Es zeigt sich, dass die Formen der Thematisierung von verbindlichen „Wir“-Erzählungen bis zu komplexen, asymmetrischen Beziehungserfahrungen reichen.
Improving Vertical Wind Speed Extrapolation Using Short-Term Lidar Measurements
This study investigates how short-term lidar measurements can be used in combination with a mast measurement to improve vertical extrapolation of wind speed. Several methods are developed and analyzed for their performance in estimating the mean wind speed, the wind speed distribution, and the energy yield of an idealized wind turbine at the target height of the extrapolation. These methods range from directly using the wind shear of the short-term measurement to a classification approach based on commonly available ...
Laser welding of grey cast iron with spheroidal graphite-influence of process parameters on crack formationand hardness
In the investigation at hand, sheets of ferritic and pearlitic grey cast iron with spheroidalgraphite are welded using a fiber-laser. The influence of varying laser power and welding speed onthe macroscopic characteristics of the weld seam and crack formation are analyzed and discussed.Substantial crack formation with crack densities of up to2.93 cm−1are found. Furthermore, hardnessmeasurements are conducted to evaluate the formation of brittle phases within the weld metaland heat-affected zone. Peak hardness values ...
Food and Nutrition-Related Knowledge, Attitudes, and Practices among Reproductive-age Women in Marginalized Areas in Sri Lanka
Nutrient deficiencies are a public health problem in Sri Lanka. Achieving food security is a major challenge due to unhealthy eating patterns. The nutritional status of a woman and her knowledge is a powerful indicator of the nutritional security of her children and household food security. Nutrition-related knowledge and attitude are necessary for dietary changes towards a healthier dietary pattern. For that reason, food and nutrition-related Knowledge, Attitude and Practice (KAP) is one of the key factors to achieving ...
Bioeconomy from experts’ perspectives - Results of a global expert survey
Effective global collaboration is crucial to achieving the UN Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). It requires an understanding of the needs of individual countries and their expectations related to bioeconomy. With the aim to explore the prospective developments in the global bioeconomy over the next 20 years, the German Bioeconomy Council, an independent advisory body to the German Federal Government, commissioned BIOCOM-AG to invite experts from around the globe to share their insights in a global expert survey. ...
Microstructure and Physicochemical Properties of Light Ice Cream: Effects of Extruded Microparticulated Whey Proteins and Process Design
This study aimed to understand the influence of extruded microparticulated whey proteins (eMWPs) and process design in light ice cream processing by evaluating the microstructure and physicochemical properties. The inulin (T1), a commercial microparticulated whey protein (MWP) called simplesse (T2), a combination (T3), as well as eMWPs (as 50% volume of total particles): d50 < 3 µm (T4), and d50 > 5 µm (T5) were used as fat replacers. The first process design was pasteurization with subsequent homogenization (PH). ...
On the Influence of Surface Hardening Treatments on Microstructure Evolution and Residual Stress in Microalloyed Medium Carbon Steel
Tailoring surface properties is a key to superior performance of components subjected to fatigue loadings in application. Process–microstructure–property relationships have to be established to allow for optimization of techniques employed for surface treatments such as deep rolling and induction hardening. Although both techniques are employed widely in industrial application, studies examining microstructure evolution and residual stress states for a single material in a comparative manner are missing. Amongst ...
Die rechtlich-administrative und räumlich-planende Regulation des Vorkommens wildlebender Tiere im urbanen Raum lässt sich drei historisch gewachsenen Regimen zuordnen: Das Regime der Hygiene konstituiert die wilden Tiere der Stadt als Schädlinge, Lästlinge oder Nützlinge, das der Jagd als Nutzwild, Raubwild oder Raubzeug und das des Naturschutzes als Schutzobjekte, als heimisch oder fremd und als Leistungsträger oder Schädlinge. Dieses Regimedenken wandelt sich derzeit in der räumlichen Planungspraxis. Es wird mit ...