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The effect of garlic extract on growth, haematology and cell-mediated immune response of newborn goat kids
The present study was carried out to evaluate the effect of different levels of garlic extract supplemented in milk on growth rate, haematology and cell–mediated immune response of Markhoz newborn goat kids. Twenty four newborn goat kids (aged 7+/-3days) were randomly assigned to four groups. The groups consisted of control (received milk without garlic extract), T1, T2 and T3 which received milk supplemented with 62.5, 125 and 250 mg aqueous garlic extract per kg live weight per day for 42 days, respectively. Body weights were measured weekly throughout the experimental period. At day 42, about 10 ml blood samples were collected from each kid via the jugular vein for haematological study. Cell–mediated immune response was evaluated through double skin thickness after intradermal injection of phyto-hematogglutinin (PHA) at day 21 and 42. Total gain was significantly higher for kids in T3 (P<0.05) compared with the control group. Average daily gain (ADG) in T3 group in week 4–5 was higher (P<0.05). Significant differences in globulin (P<0.01), hemoglobin (Hb; P<0.001), hematocrit (PCV; P<0.001), erythrocyte (RBC; P<0.001), neutrophil (P<0.001), lymphocyte (P<0.001) and leukocyte (WBC; P<0.001) were observed among groups. Hb, PCV, RBC, lymphocytes and WBC were higher in kids given garlic extract supplementation. There was a significant difference of double skin thickness among the groups at day 42 (P<0.01). In conclusion, this study indicated that milk supplemented with aqueous garlic extract improved growth rate and immunity of newborn goat kids.