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Molekularbiologische Funktionsanalysen von Thioredoxinen aus Dictyostelium discoideum und Identifizierung neuer Interaktionspartner durch das Two-Hybrid-System
Thioredoxins are small, regulatory proteins with a mass of approximately 12 kDa and a characteristic conserved active center, which is represented in the pentapeptide trp-cys-gly-pro-cys. Up to now it is not possible to present a complete list of thioredoxin interaction partners because there is no predictable sequence in the target enzymes where thioredoxins can interact with. To get closer information about the functions and possible interaction partners of the three thioredoxins from the social soil amoeba Dictyostelium discoideum (DdTrx1 - 3) we have chosen two different strategies. In the first one the thioredoxin levels in the cell should changed by different mutants. But both the antisense technique as well as the creation of knock out mutants were not appropiate strategies in this case. Just an thioredoxin overexpressing mutant results in a developmental phenotype which allows some conclusions for possible functions of the thioredoxin in Dictyostelium discoideum. The second strategie was the two hybrid system where thioredoxin interactions partners can identified systematically. After a screening with a cDNA library from Dictyostelium 13 potential interaction partners could be detected, among them a ribonucleotid reductase, TRFA, two different cytochrome c oxidase subunits, filopodin, three ribosomal proteins, the elongationfactor 1a and the alcohol dehydrogenase from yeast. The verification of the interaction between thioredoxin and these two hybrid clones happened indirectly by a dobble mutant of thioredoxin 1, where the cysteines in the active center were replaced by redox-inactive serins. Further examinations of two choosen candidates resulted that the alcohol dehydrogenase from yeast is a thioredoxin-modululated enzym and that there is an interaction between the elongationfactor 1a and the thioredoxin 1 from Dictyostelium discoideum.