Now showing items 1-10 of 12
Numerical crack path prediction under mixed-mode loading in 1D quasicrystals
Quasicrystals are being implemented in industry since this new class of materials appears to have some peculiar properties. However, the fracture behavior of quasicrystals is not yet clear, which could be a hindrance to its wide usage. This work adopts the generalized linear elastic framework of fracture theory in quasicrystals and develops numerical tools in a finite element environment to compute the fracture quantities. Crack growth is simulated in diverse specimens undergoing an intrinsic mixed-mode loading and ...
Large-scale heat pumps: market potential and barriers, classification and estimation of efficiency
Heat pumps powered by renewable electricity have a significant potential to become a critical technology to disruptively decarbonize an economy. An essential step towards this goal is the development of an accurate understanding and model of how heat pumps in large-scale implementations perform in terms of economics, energy, and the environment. In this study, the influence of system design and operating conditions on the Coefficient of Performance (COP) of large-scale (> 50 kWth) electric driven mechanical compression ...
Existence of parameterized BV-solutions for rate-independent systems with discontinuous loads
We study a rate-independent system with non-convex energy and in the case of a time-discontinuous loading. We prove existence of the rate-dependent viscous regularization by time-incremental problems, while the existence of the so called parameterized BV-solutions is obtained via vanishing viscosity in a suitable parameterized setting. In addition, we prove that the solution set is compact.
Convergence analysis of time-discretization schemes for rate-independent systems
It is well known that rate-independent systems involving nonconvex energy functionals in general do not allow for time-continuous solutions even if the given data are smooth. In the last years, several solution concepts were proposed that include discontinuities in the notion of solution, among them the class of global energetic solutions and the class of BV-solutions. In general, these solution concepts are not equivalent and numerical schemes are needed that reliably approximate that type of solutions ...
On the existence of symmetric minimizers
In this note we revisit a less known symmetrization method for functions with respect to a topological group, which we call G-averaging. We note that, although quite non-technical in nature, this method yields G-invariant minimizers of functionals satisfying some relaxed convexity properties. We give an abstract theorem and show how it can be applied to the p-Laplace and polyharmonic Poisson problem in order to construct symmetric solutions. We also pose some open problems and explore further possibilities where the ...
Characterization theorem for classical orthogonal polynomials on non-uniform lattices: The functional approach
Using the functional approach, we state and prove a characterization theorem for classical orthogonal polynomials on non-uniform lattices (quadratic lattices of a discrete or a q-discrete variable) including the Askey-Wilson polynomials. This theorem proves the equivalence between seven characterization properties, namely the Pearson equation for the linear functional, the second-order divided-difference equation, the orthogonality of the derivatives, the Rodrigues formula, two types of structure relations,and the ...
On Solutions of Holonomic Divided-Difference Equations on Non-Uniform Lattices
The main aim of this paper is the development of suitable bases (replacing the power basis x^n (n\in\IN_\le 0) which enable the direct series representation of orthogonal polynomial systems on non-uniform lattices (quadratic lattices of a discrete or a q-discrete variable). We present two bases of this type, the first of which allows to write solutions of arbitrary divided-difference equations in terms of series representations extending results given in  for the q-case. Furthermore it enables the representation ...
On the relationship between the Method of Least Squares and Gram-Schmidt orthogonalization
The method of Least Squares is due to Carl Friedrich Gauss. The Gram-Schmidt orthogonalization method is of much younger date. A method for solving Least Squares Problems is developed which automatically results in the appearance of the Gram-Schmidt orthogonalizers. Given these orthogonalizers an induction-proof is available for solving Least Squares Problems.
On Solution Sets of Information Inequalities
We investigate solution sets of a special kind of linear inequality systems. In particular, we derive characterizations of these sets in terms of minimal solution sets. The studied inequalities emerge as information inequalities in the context of Bayesian networks. This allows to deduce important properties of Bayesian networks, which is important within causal inference.
Balanced Viscosity solutions to a rate-independent system for damage
This article is the third one in a series of papers by the authors on vanishing-viscosity solutions to rate-independent damage systems. While in the first two papers [KRZ13, KRZ15] the assumptions on the spatial domain $\Omega$ were kept as general as possible (i.e. nonsmooth domain with mixed boundary conditions), we assume here that $\partial\Omega$ is smooth and that the type of boundary conditions does not change. This smoother setting allows us to derive enhanced regularity spatial properties both for ...