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In aktuellen Intelligenzstrukturmodellen gehört kristalline Intelligenz (gc) zu den am besten etablierten Fähigkeitsfaktoren. Dabei spiegelt gc die Einflüsse von Lernen und Akkulturation wider und umfasst somit alles Wissen, das Menschen im Laufe ihres Lebens erwerben und zum Problemlösen einsetzen. In diesem Beitrag beschreiben wir die Entwicklung einer Kurzskala zur Messung kristalliner Intelligenz mit fünfminütiger Bearbeitungszeit, die auf deklarativen Wissensfragen aus den Natur-, Geistes- und Sozialwissenschaften ...
The Dairy Value Chain
By tradition dairy farming has been a prestigious occupation in the fertile lands of the Indus basin. In Pakistan, the practice of rearing dairy animals remained a complementary activity to crop production. Deeply embedded in the rural life, dairy farming still is a sign of prestige within the agriculture sector; it forms an integral part of the socio-economic activities in rural areas and plays a supportive role in mitigating the effects of poverty by providing essential food items of daily use, family income, and ...
Normative and cognitive influences on female entrepreneurial reluctance at the base of the pyramid - an explorative study of cleaning ladies in Istanbul
(COMSATS, Inst. of Information Technology, 2013)
Previous research has considered entrepreneurship as a way out of poverty and as a chance to foster economic growth. Moreover, specifically start-ups headed by women have played an important role in the economic development and it has been argued that gender-related issues, amongst others, play a significant role for the performance of a country or region. Against this background, this qualitative study explores desires, reluctances and constraints toward entrepreneurial activities of a comparably homogenous group ...
Enlarging a training set for genomic selction by imputation of un-genotyped animals in populations of varying genetic architecture
(BioMed Central, 2013)
Background: The most common application of imputation is to infer genotypes of a high-density panel of markers on animals that are genotyped for a low-density panel. However, the increase in accuracy of genomic predictions resulting from an increase in the number of markers tends to reach a plateau beyond a certain density. Another application of imputation is to increase the size of the training set with un-genotyped animals. This strategy can be particularly successful when a set of closely related individuals ...
Credit Exclusion of the Poor
In India, about 55% of the workforce is dependent on agriculture and most of these cultivators, being small or marginal farmers, require financial help on a regular basis for their farming activities. Needless to say, such poor farmers suffer from irregular and volatile income. As these households do not possess adequate savings, accessibility to financial resources at reasonable terms and conditions is becoming a crucial parameter for their productive activities and hence, in turn, their well-being. Based on the ...
Arguments of non-heads
(Akademie Verlag, 2013)
The current paper investigates these cases from a lexicalist perspective. In particular, I will discuss whether realizations of arguments of non-heads of the above types are based on a regular grammatical process or not. I will argue that this is the case indeed with constructions of the type Designanalyse des Geschirrs, where the post-nominal element figures as argument of both the head as well as the non-head. In contrast, (prepositional) external argument realizations of the type in (1)—i.e. constructions in which ...
Liebermann und die Ausstellungspraxis der Berliner Secession
Als 1898 die Berliner Secession nach dem Münchner Vorbild als eingetragener Verein gegründet wurde, war ihr überragender und über ein Jahrzehnt anhaltender Erfolg beim Berliner Kunstpublikum für die Beteiligten eine Überraschung, der sie zunächst mit erheblicher Skepsis begegneten. Wie in München handelte es sich bei der Berliner Secession um ein strategisches Bündnis von Naturalisten und Symbolisten mit kulturpolitischen und marketingstrategischen Intentionen, das ausdrücklich auf ein gemeinsames ästhetisches Programm ...
Mental rotation and the motor system: Embodiment head over heels
We examined whether body parts attached to abstract stimuli automatically force embodiment in a mental rotation task. In Experiment 1, standard cube combinations reflecting a human pose were added with (1) body parts on anatomically possible locations, (2) body parts on anatomically impossible locations, (3) colored end cubes, and (4) simple end cubes. Participants (N = 30) had to decide whether two simultaneously presented stimuli, rotated in the picture plane, were identical or not. They were fastest and made less ...
A Comparison Study of Liquid Natural Rubber (LNR) and Liquid Epoxidized Natural Rubber (LENR) as the Toughening Agent for Epoxy
Rubber-toughened epoxy resins were prepared using the mechanical stirring method and molded into samples by compression molding. The aim of this study is to modify the brittleness of the epoxy matrix by adding discrete rubbery phases to improve the toughness properties. Liquid natural rubber (LNR) and liquid epoxidized natural rubber (LENR) were used as toughening agents in the epoxy resin to compare the properties of the modified networks. The mechanical and thermal properties have been studied to observe the effect ...
Vol. 1 No. 1 (2013): Beyond Rio+20: Green economy in agriculture and food system
(Department of Organic Food Quality & Food Culture, Faculty of Organic Agricultural Sciences, the University of Kassel and the Federation of German Scientists (VDW), 2013)