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Characterization theorem for classical orthogonal polynomials on non-uniform lattices: The functional approach
Using the functional approach, we state and prove a characterization theorem for classical orthogonal polynomials on non-uniform lattices (quadratic lattices of a discrete or a q-discrete variable) including the Askey-Wilson polynomials. This theorem proves the equivalence between seven characterization properties, namely the Pearson equation for the linear functional, the second-order divided-difference equation, the orthogonality of the derivatives, the Rodrigues formula, two types of structure relations,and the ...
On Solutions of Holonomic Divided-Difference Equations on Non-Uniform Lattices
The main aim of this paper is the development of suitable bases (replacing the power basis x^n (n\in\IN_\le 0) which enable the direct series representation of orthogonal polynomial systems on non-uniform lattices (quadratic lattices of a discrete or a q-discrete variable). We present two bases of this type, the first of which allows to write solutions of arbitrary divided-difference equations in terms of series representations extending results given in  for the q-case. Furthermore it enables the representation ...
On the relationship between the Method of Least Squares and Gram-Schmidt orthogonalization
The method of Least Squares is due to Carl Friedrich Gauss. The Gram-Schmidt orthogonalization method is of much younger date. A method for solving Least Squares Problems is developed which automatically results in the appearance of the Gram-Schmidt orthogonalizers. Given these orthogonalizers an induction-proof is available for solving Least Squares Problems.