Now showing items 1-10 of 84
“Reasonable Accommodation” and “Accessibility”: Human Rights Instruments Relating to Inclusion and Exclusion in the Labor Market
Ableism is a powerful social force that causes persons with disabilities to suffer exclusion. The UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (CRPD) is based on the human rights principles of equality and freedom for all people. This Convention contains two human rights instruments: the principle of accessibility and the means of reasonable accommodation, which can be used to protect the human rights of disabled persons. The extent to which they are used depends on whether the state implements the ...
Semantic congruency and the (reversed) Colavita effect in children and adults
When presented with auditory, visual, or bimodal audiovisual stimuli in a discrimination task, adults tend to ignore the auditory component in bimodal stimuli and respond to the visual component only (i.e., Colavita visual dominance effect). The same is true for older children, whereas young children are dominated by the auditory component of bimodal audiovisual stimuli. This suggests a change of sensory dominance during childhood. The aim of the current study was to investigate, in three experimental conditions, ...
Microscale-Motivated Continuum Damage Simulations of Brittle Ceramics under Thermomechanical Loading
Two approaches towards modeling damage in a brittle material caused by thermomechanical loading are presented. Bothrelyonmicrocrack growth, in the first case in ahomogeneousmatrix, in the second one at grain boundaries.Two-scale simulations e.g. of thermal shocks applied to single-phase or layered structures are performed in connection with the finite element method. Damage and crack patterns are predicted just as quantities like residual strength or critical temperature jumps.
Memorization and the morphology-syntax divide: A cross-linguistic investigation
This study investigates the memorization of complex lexical items from a cross-linguistic perspective and in the context of the debate about the demarcation between morphology and syntax. For this purpose, we conducted an experimental study in which German, French and English adjective-noun/noun-adjective combinations (e.g. Jungtourist, jeune touriste, YOUNG tourist, young TOURist) were tested with respectto how well they were memorized. Using existing nouns (e.g. Architekt, architecte, architect) as a baseline, we ...
Untergangsphantasien/-diskurse: Goll, Céline, Gracq, Houellebecq
Aktuelle Themen wie das des lateinischen Reichs laden dazu ein, sie nach Maßgabe sachlicher, historisch-politischer Voraussetzungen zu diskutieren. Der vorliegende Beitrag versucht unter dem Stichwort Untergangsphantasien nichtsdestoweniger einen Schritt zurückzutreten und das diskursive, narrative Feld zu klären, in dem solche Diskussionen beheimatet sind.
Introducing the Logarithmic finite element method: a geometrically exact planar Bernoulli beam element
We propose a novel finite element formulation that significantly reduces the number of degrees of freedom necessary to obtain reasonably accurate approximations of the low-frequency component of the deformation in boundary-value problems. In contrast to the standard Ritz–Galerkin approach, the shape functions are defined on a Lie algebra—the logarithmic space—of the deformation function. We construct a deformation function based on an interpolation of transformations at the nodes of the finite element. In the case ...
Emerging Development Pathways of Urban Livestock Production in Rapidly Growing West Africa Cities
In this study, we try to capture the degree of specialization or integration, and of intensification or extensification, of (peri-) urban livestock production, along with the factors that influence such decisions and their impact on natural resource uses. A total of 181 and 187 structured questionnaires were completed in livestock-keeping households in Ouagadougou (Burkina Faso) and Tamale (Ghana). Categorical principal component and two-step cluster analysis were used to identify homogenous groups of livestock-keeping ...
Verbal facilitation effects instead of verbal overshadowing in face memory of 4- to 6-year olds
Research on eye witness memory in older children and adults revealed that verbally describing unfamiliar faces impairs later recognition of these faces, known as the “verbal overshadowing effect”. The aim of this study was to investigate whether a verbal overshadowing effect occurs in 4- to 6-year olds, too, and whether visualization (i.e., drawing the seen face) might elicit a visual overshadowing effect. Instead of a verbal overshadowing effect, a verbal facilitation effect was revealed with verbal intelligence ...
Discours, textes, traditions
Ce qui sert de base et de cadre au présent volume, résultat d’une sectiondes journées des romanistes de langue allemande (Romanistentag) à Berlin, a fait l’objet de recherches intenses et de bien des controverses ces dernières années ; il s’agit de la fonction des traditions discursives, qui, en tant que savoir culturel et linguistique, nous apprennent à concevoir des textes et qui sont le pivot d’une analyse textuelle linguistique orientée vers la culture.
Energy Efficiency Measures for Batch Retort Sterilization in the Food Processing Industry
The purpose of this study is to highlight the energy saving potentials of a batch retort sterilization process operated by steam and to develop concepts for improving its energy efficiency. By using the methodical approach of the Onion Diagram and the recovery of low grade heat sources, four comprehensive improved energy efficiency concepts have been developed. Two concepts increase the initial product temperature resulting in lower transient steam consumption rates and a decreased energy demand. The other two options ...