Now showing items 1-10 of 15
Interessenvertretung im föderalen System: Kommunale Spitzenverbände in Hessen und Niedersachsen
Im föderalen System der Bundesrepublik steht dem zweiteiligen Staatsaufbau mit Bund und Ländern ein dreiteiliger Verwaltungsaufbau gegenüber, der die Kommunen als dritte Ebene umfasst. Wenn auch ohne Staatqualität, so spielen diese doch eine wichtige Rolle im politischen Prozess. Anders als die Länder, die auf nationaler Ebene im Bundesrat vertreten sind, ist für die Kommunen kein eigenes Vertretungsorgan im Grundgesetz vorgesehen. In der Praxis findet ihre Einbindung über die so genannten kommunalen Spitzenverbände ...
Armutsreduktion durch Partizipation?
Ab 1991 verfolgte die bolivianische Sozialfondspolitik primär über eine Förderung sozialer Infrastruktur und lokaler Partizipation eine Strategie zur Reduktion von Armut. Ein 1994 in Bolivien eingeführtes Gesetz zur Volksbeteiligung, die Ley de Participación Popular, unterstützte diese Bemühungen, indem es eine partizipativ ausgerichtete Kommunalpolitik ermöglichte, welche eine stärkere Berücksichtung der lokalen Bedürfnisse sicherstellen sollte, um so die Bedarfsgerechtigkeit, Effizienz sowie Nachhaltigkeit der ...
Assessing the Level of Self-Reliance and Livelihood of Encamped Refugees
(Rainer Hampp Verlag, 2020)
Achieving self-reliance among refugees is favoured by many international organisations, though hardly achieved for refugee camps. In many cases, deprived of their human rights, located in remote areas and without access to the local labour market, encamped refugees have no other opportunity than turning to negative coping mechanisms to survive, including sex work, child labour, crime and dangerous work in the informal sector. This book concentrates on measuring self-reliance and identifying factors influencing it in ...
Burkina Faso Under the Presidency of Thomas Sankara – A Post-Developmental State ?
Thomas Sankara, one of the most celebrated African idols, was president of Burkina Faso from 1983 until his assassination in 1987. The politics he realized with his government were vanguard in more than one regard: The country’s feminist politics queried patriarchy by promoting equal rights and duties for women and men in several different domains; along with the country’s citizens, migrants could participate in policy-making and thereby shape politics; redistribution was made a political goal aspiring to overcome ...
Does Political Resource Curse Really Exist? Evidence from the Rentier States in the Greater Middle East
This Extractivism Policy Brief shows: • Oil rents may affect the political regimes through influencing both defense and non-defense expenditures. • Defense expenditures are considerably influenced by oil rents fluctuations and the quality of political system. • The rent-seeking by incumbent autocrats may take the form of misappropriation of government revenues away from public services towards patronage. • Being a ‘political curse’, natural resources could be detrimental to democracy and enhance regime ...
Natural Resources, Raw Materials, and Extractivism: The Dark Side of Sustainability
• Extractivism is the dark side of sustainability • raw materials and primary commodities are the backbones of the global economy • extraction and export of raw materials lead to Extractivism understood as a development model • Extractivism is persistent, prone to crisis, and affects domestic and international constellations
Gold Mining (artisanal gold mining): Is it an engine of development in Mauritania?
• In 2021, Mauritania exported approximately 13 million tons of iron, 20% of which was bound for Western Europe. • The economic structure of this country is increasingly rent based. • The extractive sector does not act as a catalyst for the country's development. Its contribution to poverty reduc-tion remains insignificant. • Poverty remains a significant feature of the country, ranking 157th out of 189 according to the Human Development Index in 2020.
• The dominant trend was that oil and natural gas were first and foremost a matter of market mechanisms and competition rules, even if they interacted with politics and geopolitics. • The WTO persisted in treating hydrocarbons as commodities like any other, ignoring both their commons character and their impact on the environment and climate. • The conflict in Ukraine has caused an upheaval. Within a few months, Europe faced a serious threat of energy shortages. • In a few months, the rehabilitation of coal and ...
Community-Based Associations and Rural Development in Rwanda: A Local Perspective on the Contribution of Social Capital to Human Capabilities
The post-World War II political discourse around development has stimulated academic debates in recent decades. While some of these debates simply aim to transform the development mainstream, many others among the post-colonial thinkers are more critical of and even reject mainstream development ideologies. Despite the valuable academic debates, most development practitioners seem to have remained unresponsive to some of the allegations. Their concept is incorporated in much of the contemporary political narratives ...
Energy Transition – Quo Vadis
- Extractivism has shaped Ecuador for the last half century. - The Yasuní initiative aimed at leaving about one fifth of Ecuador’s oil reserves underground - Poor handling of the Ecuadorian government and the international community let it falter and finally fade - Energy transition towards renewable energy sources might provide a new scenario in which supply side policies such as leaving fossil fuels underground and fossil fuel non proliferation treaties might be (re --)tested