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Nitrogen use efficiency and optimization of nitrogen fertilizer application for stable yields and high quality of cereals grown in conservation agriculture
In most agroecosystems, nitrogen (N) is the most important nutrient limiting plant growth. One management strategy that affects N cycling and N use efficiency (NUE) is conservation agriculture (CA), an agricultural system based on a combination of minimum tillage, crop residue retention and crop rotation. Available results on the optimization of NUE in CA are inconsistent and studies that cover all three components of CA are scarce. Presently, CA is promoted in the Yaqui Valley in Northern Mexico, the country´s major ...
Water use efficiency and management of agro-pastoral landuse systems in the Mongolian-Chinese Altay
The use of organic fertilizers is an important approach to maintain soil fertility of irrigated agricultural land under the semi-arid climate conditions of Oman. However, gaseous emissions of carbon and nutrients from soil and organic fertilizers are a major challenge. Activated charcoal and tannins have the potential to reduce gaseous losses of carbon and nitrogen. Therefore, gaseous emissions of carbon dioxide (CO2), ammonia (NH3) and nitrous oxide (N2O) were measured by a photo-acoustic infrared multi-gas monitor. ...
Nutrient and virtual water fluxes of vegetable production and food distribution in two West African cities
Water and food security will be challenged by uncertainties related to changing climatic and socio-economic conditions triggered by urbanization. The present studies aimed at (a) investigating the effects of mineral fertilization and biochar amendment at two water quality and quantity levels on biomass production, plant nutrition, and soil moisture in vegetables with a focus on Tamale, (b) assessing nutrient losses via leaching and gaseous emissions and calculated nutrient balance and use efficiencies in Tamale and ...
Integrated soil fertility management in eastern and western Africa: The role of knowledge and innovation systems, its adoption and impact
The rise in population growth, as well as nutrient mining, has contributed to low agricultural productivity in Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). A plethora of technologies to boost agricultural production have been developed but the dissemination of these agricultural innovations and subsequent uptake by smallholder farmers has remained a challenge. Scientists and philanthropists have adopted the Integrated Soil Fertility Management (ISFM) paradigm as a means to promote sustainable intensification of African farming systems. ...