Now showing items 1-10 of 17
Increasing energy efficiency of milk product batch sterilisation
The food industry is a large energy consumer and most heat demands in food processing are low-temperature. The aim of this study is to develop and simulate innovative retrofits or redesigns that unlock the heat recovery potential of industrial batch sterilisation processes. The case study focuses on the whey cream process, although the method and results apply to similar batch sterilisation processes. The initial situation is compared to energy efficient designs based on “Energy Storage” and “Rescheduling”. Using a ...
Process and utility systems integration and optimisation for ultra-low energy milk powder production
This study applies a Total Site Heat Integration approach in conjunction with a detailed process and utility model, to develop an innovative ultra-low energy milk powder plant design. The basis for the analysis is a state-of-the-art modern milk powder plant that requires 5265 MJ/tp of fuel and 210.5 kWh/tp (58.5 MJe/tp) of electricity. The model of the modern milk powder plant was validated against industrial data and changes to process and/or utility systems are targeted and implemented into the model to understand ...
Assessment of probabilistic distributed factors influencing renewable energy supply for hotels using Monte-Carlo methods
This paper investigates the use of renewable energies to supply hotels in island regions. The aim is to evaluate the effect of weather and occupancy fluctuations on the sensitivity of investment criteria. The sensitivity of the chosen energy system is examined using a Monte Carlo simulation considering stochastic weather data, occupancy rates and energy needs. For this purpose, algorithms based on measured data are developed and applied to a case study on the Canary Islands. The results underline that electricity ...
Nachhaltige Emissionsreduzierung durch erneuerbare Eigenstromversorgung
Ein vielversprechender Weg der Emissionsreduktion durch Industrieunternehmen ist, selbst in erneuerbare Energieanlagen zu investieren. Die wirtschaftliche Beurteilung dieses Schrittes erfordert eine detaillierte Betrachtung der gesetzlichen Regelungen. Da es für viele Strompreisbestandteile umfangreiche Ausnahmeregelungen gibt, können die Stromkosten je nach Standort und Unternehmen variieren, sodass eine exakte Bestimmung individuell erfolgen muss.
Automatic Time Series Segmentation as the Basis for Unsupervised, Non-Intrusive Load Monitoring of Machine Tools
Detailed energy monitoring and benchmarking at the individual component level is necessary to increase energy efficiency in complex production systems. Non-intrusive load monitoring (NILM) provides an economical solution for operational state detection and load disaggregation without the need for large-scale use of fine-grained energy meters. Existing supervised NILM approaches require detailed training data including control information about individual devices. Unsupervised approaches, on the other hand, often ...
Signal based non-intrusive load decomposition
Driven by both regulatory and monetary interests the development of energy monitoring systems has been accelerated in recent years. Thus, a large amount of data is collected and stored in huge databases. This is a decisive step towards sustainable production systems since you can’t improve what you don’t know. This paper aims to use the datasets currently available and to combine databases to gather additional information on production systems, in particular energy flows. Therefore, an algorithm has been developed ...
System efficient integration of standby control and heat pump storage systems in manufacturing processes
Prerequisite for system efficiency towards an industrial energy transition is the reducing of energy demand on the process level. In typical manufacturing systems with machine tools and washing machines, the proper design of intelligent standby control and heat pump storage system (HPS) represent high efficiency. The integration of HPS is complicated due to high non-continuity, especially when implementing a standby control system. Our approach aims at designing one single HPS for multiple heat sources and sinks. ...
Optimal energy supply structures for industrial food processing sites in different countries considering energy transitions
This study focuses on analysing the most energy efficient utility system supply structure in terms of carbon emissions, primary energy efficiency and energy costs. In the German food processing industry, the state-of-the-art technologies in the utility supply structure are a gas fired steam boiler for steam generation and ammonia chillers for chilled water generation. Low investment costs and its durability are attractive for industrial production sites. But, given the ongoing energy transition to renewable energy, ...
Total Site Utility Systems Optimisation for Milk Powder Production
This study applies the Total Site Heat Integration method, in conjunction with a detailed process and utility model, to investigate three methods to increase the energy efficiency of the utility supply system for milk powder production. Sequentially explored opportunities are: (1) increasing boiler efficiency through condensing economisers, (2) waste heat recovery from the chiller unit, and (3) Combined Heat and Power (CHP) for electricity production. The basis for the analysis is the anticipated future milk powder ...
Evaluation of a Stratified Tank based Heat Recovery Loop via Dynamic Simulation
Prerequisite for hot water recovery in the dairy and beverage industry is the use of heat storage, such as stratified tanks. Total Site Heat Integration enables the targeting of heat recovery potential, the concrete identification of suitable sinks and source profiles and the dimensioning of intermediate circuits and storages. For a cost and energy efficient storage, the aim to maintain stratification by suitable thermocline control management. Dynamic simulation enables a reliable estimation of energy savings and ...