Now showing items 1-10 of 12
Lexikalische Blockierung und die grammatischen Folgen bei Kopula-Konstruktionen mit werden
(Max Niemeyer Verlag, 2007)
Eine Theorie des mentalen Lexikons muss im Wesentlichen zwei Dinge leisten: Einerseits muss sie die grammatisch relevanten Merkmale der einzelnen Einträge definieren, und es müssen andererseits die Bedingungen, die den Zugriff auf einen Lexikoneintrag restringieren, in irgendeiner Weise festgelegt sein. In einem generativen lexikalischen System, wie es hier im Sinne von Bierwisch & Schreuder (1992); Härtl (2001); Pustejovsky (1991); Wunderlich (1997) u.a. angenommen wird, kommt hinzu, dass das sprachliche Verhalten ...
Normality at the boundary between word-formation and syntax
This paper investigates the notion of normality in the context of the divide between word-formation and syntax. Knowledge about what is normal finds its expression in generic characterizations about kinds (Ducks lay eggs), and we will present evidence that newly formed word-formation products like 'Rotdach' (‘red_roof’), in contrast to their phrasal counterparts, are more inclined to adopt kind readings. The compounds’ affinity to function as names for kinds will be explained on grounds of a pragmatic, manner-based ...
Situationsargumente von Nicht-Köpfen: Verb-Nomen-Komposita im Zusammenspiel von Morphologie, Syntax und Pragmatik
(De Gruyter, 2015)
The current paper investigates German verb-noun compounds like Parkticket (‘park ticket’) and examines the structural and semantic visibility of the verbal modifier and, in particular, its situation variable. The latter will be analyzed as generically bound while pronominal access to this variable will be explained with the permeability of the Principle of Lexical Integrity. Several test criteria, like argument saturation and PRO control, lead to the assumption of a phrasal projection below the word level, which is ...
Goal prevalence and situation types: An empirical analysis of differences in Greek and German motion event descriptions
(Bloomsbury Academic, 2020)
The aim of the current study is to investigate crosslinguistic differences in the encoding of motion events and the distribution of their constituent parts, that is, the manner as well as the path focusing mainly on the Goal component. In the abundant literature on the effect of the lexicalization pattern of a language (Satellite- versus Verb-framed), only a few studies have systematically taken into account the specific properties of the situation underlying a verbalization. With a focus on German and Greek, we ...
Mediating between concepts and language - Processing structures
(Mouton de Gruyter, 2003)
One of the main functions of language is to abstract over complex non-verbal message structures. The language system generates highly compact linguistic material which, however, must still enable the recipient of the corresponding linear grammatical sequence to fully infer the intended message. To guarantee this a device is required which links concepts and grammar in a systematic fashion by negotiating the requirements of both the generalized linguistic structures and the underlying conceptual complexes. Typically, ...
Generic rescue: argument alternations the monotonicity condition
(De Gruyter Mouton, 2013)
Generic interpretations as in “The tiger kills to survive” have often been observed to reconstitute the linguistic acceptability of certain verb argument structure modifications. But can the right context rescue everything? This paper investigates the impact a generic interpretation can have on three types of argument alternations: (i) the intransitive use of inherently telic verbs like “to kill”, (ii) the intransitive use of stative verbs like “to love”, and (iii) middle alternations like “it reads easily”. It will ...
Argument-structural restrictions on word-formation patterns
(De Gruyter Mouton, 2015)
The implementation of argument-structural effects on word-formation is a vital aspect in modeling the lexical system and the interface between morphology and syntax. The current article provides an overview of theoretical perspectives in the field and presents analyses of structural principles holding in the domain. A number of test cases relating to fundamental operations, e.g., in compounding and nominalization are discussed, as well as specific conditions restricting the formation of morphologically complex words.
Semantic non-transparency in the mental lexicon
(De Gruyter, 2015)
The notion of “Eigentlichkeit” (‘authenticity’), when approached from a perspective of language philosophy, is associated with the quality of linguistic entities of referring to things in the world in a truthful and a maximally transparent way, cf. Gardt (1995). Obviously, there are numerous expressions that do not seem to conduct themselves accordingly and display a rather “non-authentic”, i.e., non-transparent behavior instead, like indirect and ironic speech acts or idiomatic expressions like Cat got your tongue? ...
Compounds vs. phrases: The cognitive status of morphological products
(John Benjamins, 2014)
Nominal compounds and corresponding phrases provide a suitable test bed for inquiry into the interface and demarcations between syntax and morphology. In this article we show that the distinction between the two constructions is blurred from a theoretical perspective and investigate processing and cognitive aspects. After an examination of structural as well as semantic properties of the two types, we report on three studies (memorization, questionnaire, and reading time) that experimentally juxtapose German ...
Arguments of non-heads
(Akademie Verlag, 2013)
The current paper investigates these cases from a lexicalist perspective. In particular, I will discuss whether realizations of arguments of non-heads of the above types are based on a regular grammatical process or not. I will argue that this is the case indeed with constructions of the type Designanalyse des Geschirrs, where the post-nominal element figures as argument of both the head as well as the non-head. In contrast, (prepositional) external argument realizations of the type in (1)—i.e. constructions in which ...