Now showing items 1-10 of 73
Is the Mafia a State Apparatus?
Starting from the relations of production, this paper examines the role of mafia for the preservation of social power and class relations in Sicily. To this end, the concept of the informal state apparatus is introduced. Following the approach of Critical Grounded Theory, this paper proposes to fill explanatory gaps in conventional mafia research by means of Nicos Poulantzas’ historical materialist state theory. In-depth field research confirms the systematic generation of irregularity through conditions in which it ...
Assessing African Energy Transitions: Renewable Energy Policies, Energy Justice, and SDG 7
Renewable energy has made significant inroads in addressing growing energy demands on the African continent. However, progress towards SDG 7 is still limited and difficult to trace. Furthermore, the results-oriented rationale of the SDGs means that both policy change and the dimension of environmental justice are not covered properly. We argue that the energy justice concept may provide a powerful tool to offset looming trade-offs and enhance the co-benefits of SDG 7 within broader transition endeavours. In doing so, ...
Integration through Exploitation: Syrians in Turkey
(Reiner Hampp Verlag, 2019)
This book is about the largest displacement crisis and resettlement of our time. However, it is not another piece that elaborately describes the appalling situation of Syrian workers in Turkey, but explores how they are integrated into the lower ends of the value chain in several sectors. The book seeks answers of what has been largely overlooked in the literature on the question of how labor processes have been shaped in various labor-intensive sectors by class and identity.
Legal Aid Ontario lawyers organizing against the odds: A case study of professional workers unionizing
(kassel university press, 2020-06)
Determinants and Forecasting of Female Labour Force Participation Rate in India: Testing of Feminization U hypothesis
(kassel university press, 2020-06)
Greater involvement of women within the labour force has economic and social impact. The Female Labour Force Participation Rate (FLFPR) for India remains appallingly low at around 27%, while the male labour force participation rate has been 79.9%. In India, during 1990–2016, the FLFPR (% of female population age 15+) showed a declining trend. In this paper, the determinants of FLFPR for India have been estimated using regression analysis for the time period 1990–2016. Data on all the relevant variables have ...
Why did OPEC lose its price setting power during the 1980s?
Since the surge in oil prices during the 1970s there was an increased academic interest in explaining the formation of oil prices and the critical role played by OPEC in this process. A variety of economic models were established to explain the rise of price setting power by OPEC reflected in the massive price increases. During the 1980s, however, against many projections, the surge in oil prices came to a hold and from the 1980s on started to decrease, finally collapsing in 1986 to an unprecedented low. These ...
The Containment of Labour Unrest in the Post Socialist China
Due to its transition from the socialist mode of production to the capitalist mode, workers in China have been exposed to the exploitative class relations that they hardly experienced before. The working class is now assuming a subordinate position in the relations of production while the capitalist class remains in the dominant position. As a consequence, workers’ protests are constantly emerging and class conflicts are exacerbating in the contemporary China. I have set out to study in this paper how the party-state ...
Beyond the Prototypical Male Migrant
The primary theoretical accounts of migration have been largely unaffected by the feminisation of migration. But this does not mean that they are gender neutral. Drawing on the concept of gender knowledge developed by German sociologists Irene Dölling and Sünne Andresen, on the feminist critique of knowledge, feminist economics and studies on gender and migration, the paper interrogates two influential models of migration from neoclassical economics for their gendered assumptions: the Roy-Borjas selection model of ...