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Towards A Better Understanding of Workplace Coaching: On Goal Activities, Exploration Practices, and Coaches’ Life Satisfaction
Whereas there is a high and ever-increasing demand for coaching worldwide (International Coach Federation, 2016) and meta-analytical findings suggest that coaching is generally effective (e.g., Jones et al., 2016; Sonesh, Coultas, Lacerenza et al., 2015), little is still known about standards for “good” coaching practice (e.g., Bono et al., 2009; Vandaveer et al., 2016). Across three studies, this dissertation investigates relevant facets of coaching practice. It addresses the questions of how coaches practice workplace ...
Compiling Measurement Invariant Short Scales in Cross–Cultural Personality Assessment Using Ant Colony Optimization
Examining the influence of culture on personality and its unbiased assessment is the main subject of cross–cultural personality research. Recent large–scale studies exploring personality differences across cultures share substantial methodological and psychometric shortcomings that render it difficult to differentiate between method and trait variance. One prominent example is the implicit assumption of cross–cultural measurement invariance in personality questionnaires. In the rare instances where measurement ...
How to promote relational processing while learning with expository texts
Das Ziel der vorliegenden Arbeit besteht darin, Empfehlungen zu geben, wie man die Inferenzbildung beim Lesen von expositorischen Texten fördern kann. Wir haben zwei Lernmethoden konzipiert, um die tiefe Verarbeitung (insbesondere) bei schwachen Lesern zu fördern – Verschachteln von Informations-einheiten und Generieren kausaler Kohäsion. Beide Lernmethoden sollten die Sichtbarkeit von Kohäsionslücken erhöhen und die Abhängigkeit vom domänenspezifischen Vorwissen beim Schließen dieser Lücken reduzieren. Verschachteln ...
On the Trail of Creativity: Dimensionality of Divergent Thinking and its Relation with Cognitive Abilities, Personality, and Insight
Divergent thinking (DT) is an important constituent of creativity that captures aspects of fluency and originality. The literature lacks multivariate studies that report relationships between DT and its aspects with relevant covariates, such as cognitive abilities, personality traits (e.g. openness), and insight. In two multivariate studies (N = 152 and N = 298), we evaluate competing measurement models for a variety of DT tests and examine the relationship between DT and established cognitive abilities, personality ...
Caught in the Act: Predicting Cheating in Unproctored Knowledge Assessment
Cheating is a serious threat in unproctored ability assessment, irrespective of countermeasures taken, anticipated consequences (high vs. low stakes), and test modality (paper-pencil vs. computer-based). In the present study, we examined the power of (a) self-report-based indicators (i.e., Honesty-Humility and Overclaiming scales), (b) test data (i.e., performance with extremely difficult items), and (c) para data (i.e., reaction times, switching between browser tabs) to predict participants’ cheating behavior. To ...