Now showing items 11-20 of 763
Circular Dichroism in Fluorescence Emission Following the C 1s→π* Excitation and Resonant Auger Decay of Carbon Monoxide
Dichroism in angle-resolved spectra of circularly polarized fluorescence from freely-rotating CO molecules was studied experimentally and theoretically. For this purpose, carbon monoxide in the gas phase was exposed to circularly polarized soft X-ray synchrotron radiation. The photon energy was tuned across the C 1s→π* resonant excitation, which decayed via the participator Auger transition into the CO+ A 2Π state. The dichroic parameter β1 of the subsequent CO+ (A 2Π → X 2Σ+) visible fluorescence was measured by ...
Rethinking the genus Hyphodontia s.l. (Hymenochaetales, Basidiomycota) – investigations on a worldwide scope including new taxonomy, phylogeny, and identification keys
The dissertation “Rethinking the genus Hyphodontia s.l. (Hymenochaetales, Basidiomycota) – investigations on a worldwide scope including new taxonomy, phylogeny, and identification keys” was elaborated by Janett Riebesehl in the Department of Ecology at the University of Kassel. Changing the classification system of the fungal genus Hyphodontia s.l. to treat the species from the broad Hyphodontia s.l. concept by a division into other genera was continued. Hjortstam and Ryvarden (2002, 2009) began the concept, but ...
Metallated Ferrocenophanes Containing P3M Bridges (M = Li, Na, K)
Alkali-metal phosphanides can be embedded into a ferrocenophane scaffold giving rise to bicyclic ferrocenophanes [MFe(C5H4PtBu)2P] (M = Li, Na, K). Coordination of the alkali-metal ions takes place via the terminal phosphorus atoms adopting a puckered P3M four-membered ring. All compounds were characterized via single-crystal X-ray diffraction and multinuclear NMR spectroscopy (1H, 31P, 7Li), whereas 13C NMR data could only be recorded for the Li derivative, owing to the limited solubility of its heavier congeners ...
Synthesis and crystal structure of μ-[1,1′-di(mesitylphosphanido)ferrocene]bis[η5-cyclopentadienylnickel(II)] tetrahydrofurane solvate, C42H48FeNi2OP2
C42H48FeNi2OP2, orthorhombic, Pbca (no. 61), a = 9.4551(4) Å, b = 19.7133(9) Å, c = 39.693(2) Å, V = 7398.4(6) Å3, Z = 8, Rgt(F) = 0.0598, wRref(F2) = 0.1481, T = 100(2) K.
SSPIM: a beam shaping toolbox for structured selective plane illumination microscopy
Selective plane illumination microscopy (SPIM) represents a preferred method in dynamic tissue imaging, because it combines high spatiotemporal resolution with low phototoxicity. The OpenSPIM system was developed to provide an accessible and flexible microscope set-up for non-specialist users. Here, we report Structured SPIM (SSPIM), which offers an open-source, user-friendly and compact toolbox for beam shaping to be applied within the OpenSPIM platform. SSPIM is able to generate digital patterns for a wide range ...
Short-spored Subulicystidium (Trechisporales, Basidiomycota): high morphological diversity and only partly clear species boundaries
Diversity of corticioid fungi (resupinate Basidiomycota), especially outside the northern temperate climatic zone, remains poorly explored. Furthermore, most of the known species are delimited by morphological concepts only and, not rarely, these concepts are too broad and need to be tested by molecular tools. For many decades, the delimitation of species in the genus Subulicystidium (Hydnodontaceae, Trechisporales) was a challenge for mycologists. The presence of numerous transitional forms as to basidiospore size ...
S-Adenosyl-L-Homocysteine Hydrolase Inhibition by a Synthetic Nicotinamide Cofactor Biomimetic
S-adenosyl-L-homocysteine (SAH) hydrolases (SAHases) are involved in the regulation of methylation reactions in many organisms and are thus crucial for numerous cellular functions. Consequently, their dysregulation is associated with severe health problems. The SAHase-catalyzed reaction is reversible and both directions depend on the redox activity of nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NAD+) as a cofactor. Therefore, nicotinamide cofactor biomimetics (NCB) are a promising tool to modulate SAHase activity. In the ...
The Diacylglycerol Analogs OAG and DOG Differentially Affect Primary Events of Pheromone Transduction in the Hawkmoth Manduca sexta in a Zeitgebertime-Dependent Manner Apparently Targeting TRP Channels
For the hawkmoth Manduca sexta accumulating evidence suggests that pheromone transduction acts via a metabotropic signal transduction cascade, with G-protein-dependent phospholipase C (PLC) activations generating diacylglycerol (DAG) and inositol trisphosphate as the primary events in hawkmoth pheromone transduction. In contrast, ionotropic olfactory receptor (OR) coreceptor (Orco)-dependent mechanisms do not appear to be involved. In hawkmoths pheromones activated a specific sequence of PLC-dependent ion channels ...
Expression of NK cluster genes in the onychophoran Euperipatoides rowelli: implications for the evolution of NK family genes in nephrozoans
Background: Understanding the evolution and development of morphological traits of the last common bilaterian ancestor is a major goal of the evo-devo discipline. The reconstruction of this “urbilaterian” is mainly based on comparative studies of common molecular patterning mechanisms in recent model organisms. The NK homeobox genes are key players in many of these molecular pathways, including processes regulating mesoderm, heart and neural development. Shared features seen in the expression patterns of NK genes ...
Optimal Control of Quantum Information Tasks in Open Quantum Systems
Every quantum system inevitably interacts with its environment. This is a fundamental requirement that allows us to control, measure and, in general, interact with quantum systems. In that respect, a quantum system's openness can be interpreted as prerequisite that enables quantum technologies in the first place. The latter are built to harness the intrinsic quantum mechanical behavior of quantum devices in order to build new, powerful technologies. However, a quantum system's openness also causes it to interact ...