Now showing items 31-40 of 193
Impact of Process Parameters and Bulk Properties on Quality of Dried Hops
Hops are critical to the brewing industry. In commercial hop drying, a large bulk of hops is dried in multistage kilns for several hours. This affects the drying behavior and alters the amount and chemical composition of the hop oils. To understand these changes, hops of the var. Hallertauer Tradition were dried in bulks of 15, 25 and 35 kg/m² at 60 °C and 0.35 m/s. Additionally, bulks of 25 kg/m² were also dried at 65 °C and 0.45 m/s to assess the effect of change in temperature and velocity, respectively. The results ...
Effects and Prerequisites of Self-Generation in Inquiry-Based Learning
The goal of this study is to investigate the effect of self-generation in inquiry-based learning and to identify the role of feedback. While open-ended inquiry-based learning with a high degree of self-generation requirements has long been considered optimal for facilitating effective learning, its long-run effects have been critically challenged. This study employed a 3 (learning condition) × 2 (retention interval) mixed factorial design (N = 98). An inquiry activity involving the self-generation of content knowledge ...
Improving Vertical Wind Speed Extrapolation Using Short-Term Lidar Measurements
This study investigates how short-term lidar measurements can be used in combination with a mast measurement to improve vertical extrapolation of wind speed. Several methods are developed and analyzed for their performance in estimating the mean wind speed, the wind speed distribution, and the energy yield of an idealized wind turbine at the target height of the extrapolation. These methods range from directly using the wind shear of the short-term measurement to a classification approach based on commonly available ...
Food and Nutrition-Related Knowledge, Attitudes, and Practices among Reproductive-age Women in Marginalized Areas in Sri Lanka
Nutrient deficiencies are a public health problem in Sri Lanka. Achieving food security is a major challenge due to unhealthy eating patterns. The nutritional status of a woman and her knowledge is a powerful indicator of the nutritional security of her children and household food security. Nutrition-related knowledge and attitude are necessary for dietary changes towards a healthier dietary pattern. For that reason, food and nutrition-related Knowledge, Attitude and Practice (KAP) is one of the key factors to achieving ...
On the Influence of Surface Hardening Treatments on Microstructure Evolution and Residual Stress in Microalloyed Medium Carbon Steel
Tailoring surface properties is a key to superior performance of components subjected to fatigue loadings in application. Process–microstructure–property relationships have to be established to allow for optimization of techniques employed for surface treatments such as deep rolling and induction hardening. Although both techniques are employed widely in industrial application, studies examining microstructure evolution and residual stress states for a single material in a comparative manner are missing. Amongst ...
Die rechtlich-administrative und räumlich-planende Regulation des Vorkommens wildlebender Tiere im urbanen Raum lässt sich drei historisch gewachsenen Regimen zuordnen: Das Regime der Hygiene konstituiert die wilden Tiere der Stadt als Schädlinge, Lästlinge oder Nützlinge, das der Jagd als Nutzwild, Raubwild oder Raubzeug und das des Naturschutzes als Schutzobjekte, als heimisch oder fremd und als Leistungsträger oder Schädlinge. Dieses Regimedenken wandelt sich derzeit in der räumlichen Planungspraxis. Es wird mit ...
Comment on ‘Kidron, G. J. (2018). Biocrust research: A critical view on eight common hydrological‐related paradigms and dubious theses. Ecohydrology, e2061’
Kidron (2018) uses a straw man argument in an attempt to debunk eight putative hydrological‐related paradigms he believes to be “common among hydrologists, ecologists, or microbiologists that investigate biocrusts.” These paradigms relate to the roles of physical crusts and vascular plants in biocrust development, the major drivers (climate, porosity, hydrophobicity, and exopolysaccharides) of hydrology (infiltration and runoff), and the effect of mosses on hydrology and therefore vascular plants. We see two major ...
Time Operator, Real Tunneling Time in Strong Field Interaction and the Attoclock
Attosecond science, beyond its importance from application point of view, is of a fundamental interest in physics. The measurement of tunneling time in attosecond experiments offers a fruitful opportunity to understand the role of time in quantum mechanics. In the present work, we show that our real T-time relation derived in earlier works can be derived from an observable or a time operator, which obeys an ordinary commutation relation. Moreover, we show that our real T-time can also be constructed, inter alia, from ...
Die Wahlmüdigkeit der Studierenden
Die Wahlbeteiligung für die studentische Selbstverwaltung liegt meist knapp über zehn Prozent. Dies wird u. a. mit der großen Belastung durch das Studium erklärt und mit der Aussichts-losigkeit, gegen die Stimmen der Professorinnen und Professoren überhaupt etwas ausrichten zu können. Aber sind Millionenbeträge für den Allgemeinen Studierenden-ausschuss (AStA) gerechtfertigt, wenn eine winzige Minderheit der Studierenden eine noch winzigere Zahl von politischen Aktivisten wählt, von denen dann gut die Hälfte, mehr ...
Food System Outcomes: An Overview and the Contribution to Food Systems Transformation
The interest in food system discourse has been increasing over time, however, the understanding of what makes a food system is still subject to variations depending on the research focus. While the earlier discourse was mainly value chain centered, the recent years have witnessed a shift in focus toward a more holistic view embracing the complex character of food systems. An indispensable component of the food systems approach are the food system outcomes that represent the results, or consequences, of the food system ...